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Domenico Pacini and the discovery of cosmic rays
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics. Oskar Klein Centre, Sweden.
2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the 32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011, Institute of High Energy Physics , 2011, 2-5 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The discovery of cosmic rays, a milestone in science, comprised scientists in Europe and in the New World and took place during a period characterised by nationalism and lack of communication. Many scientists that took part in this research a century ago were intrigued by the penetrating radiation and tried to understand the origin of it. Several important contributions to the discovery of the origin of cosmic rays have been forgotten and in particular that of Domenico Pacini, who in June 1911 demonstrated by studying the decrease of radioactivity with an electroscope immersed in water that cosmic rays could not come from the crust of the Earth. Several historical, political and personal facts might have contributed to the substantial disappearance of Pacini from the history of science.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of High Energy Physics , 2011. 2-5 p.
Keyword [en]
History of science
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-164992DOI: 10.7529/ICRC2011/V01/0001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84898834007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-164992DiVA: diva2:807030
Conference
32nd International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2011, 11 August 2011 through 18 August 2011, Beijing, China
Note

QC 20150422

Available from: 2015-04-22 Created: 2015-04-21 Last updated: 2015-04-22Bibliographically approved

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