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Sensitivity and uncertainty analysis for predication of particulate debris bed self-leveling in prototypic Severe Accident (SA) conditions
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9123-2944
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2725-0558
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Power Safety.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0683-9136
2014 (English)In: Proceedings of ICAPP 2014: Proceedings of ICAPP 2014, Paper 14329, American Nuclear Society, 2014, 14329- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Melt fragmentation, quenching and long term coolability in a deep pool of water under reactor vessel are employed as a severe accident mitigation strategy in several designs of light water reactors. Success of the strategy is contingent upon effectiveness of natural circulation in removing the decay heat generated by the porous debris bed. Geometrical configuration of the bed is one of the factors which affect coolability of the bed. Boiling and two-phase flow inside the bed serve as a source of mechanical energy which can change the geometry of the debris bed by so called “self-leveling” phenomenon. The goals of this work are (i) to further develop self-leveling modeling approach and validate it against data produced in a new series of PDS-C (Particulate Debris Spreading Closures) experiments, and (ii) to carry out sensitivity-uncertainty analysis for the debris bed spreading for the selected cases of prototypic severe accident conditions. The model has been extended to predict spreading in both planar and axisymmetric geometries. The performed sensitivity analysis ranks the importance of different uncertain input parameters such as accident conditions, debris bed properties, modeling parameters and closures. The knowledge about the most influential parameters is important for further improvement of the model and for efficient reduction of output uncertainties through focused, separate-effect experimental studies. Finally, we report results for particulate debris spreading in prototypic severe accident scenarios with assessment of uncertainties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Nuclear Society, 2014. 14329- p.
Keyword [en]
Sensitivity, uncertainty, severe accident, debris bed, particle spreading, self-leveling, accident mitigation
Keyword [sv]
Känslighet, osäkerhet, allvarlig olycka, partikelspridning, självutjämnande, mildring av olycka
National Category
Other Physics Topics
Research subject
Energy Technology; Physics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-165095ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84907069514OAI: diva2:807347
International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants,April 6 - 9, 2014,April 6 - 9, 2014, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA

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QC 20150427

Available from: 2015-04-23 Created: 2015-04-23 Last updated: 2015-04-27Bibliographically approved

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Basso, SimoneKonovalenko, AlexanderKudinov, Pavel
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