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DNA hypomethylation concomitant with the overproduction of ROS induced by naphthoquinone juglone on tobacco BY-2 suspension cells
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Industrial Biotechnology. (Industrial Biotechnology)
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Industrial Biotechnology.
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2015 (English)In: Environmental and Experimental Botany, ISSN 0098-8472, E-ISSN 1873-7307, Vol. 113, 28-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Juglone, 5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone, is a naturally occurring plant secondary metabolite with allelopathic and cytotoxic properties. The cytotoxic effect of juglone and changes at the level of DNA methylation were investigated on a plant cell model, tobacco BY-2 cell suspension culture. We found that juglone in a concentration-dependent manner inhibits cell growth and causes creation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that were visible mainly in nucleus, nucleolus, cytoplasm, and plasma membrane. Analysis of the changes in DNA methylation level using Luminometric Methylation Assay showed that juglone at the concentrations of 60 and 80 mu m causes hypomethylation of DNA. Decrease in DNA methylation was confirmed by the more sensitive technique, confocal immunofluorescence microscopy, already at 30 mu m, and was accompanied by significant overproduction of hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, and superoxide anion radicals. The highest percentage of the signs of programed cell death, especially apoptic-like bodies that indicate DNA fragmentation was observed at 30 mu m of juglone. On the basis of results we suggest that overproduction of ROS is the main mechanism that causes hypomethylation of DNA, which may contribute to the initiation of the programmed cell death.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 113, 28-39 p.
Keyword [en]
DNA methylation, Juglone, Naphthoquinone, Programmed cell death, Reactive oxygen species, Tobacco BY-2 cell suspension culture
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-165387DOI: 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2015.01.005ISI: 000352248300004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84921504196OAI: diva2:808243

QC 20150518

Available from: 2015-04-27 Created: 2015-04-27 Last updated: 2015-05-18Bibliographically approved

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Ohlsson, Anna B.Berglund, Torkel
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