"Turn left" vs. "Walk towards the cafe": When relative directions work better than landmarks
2015 (English)In: AGILE 2015: Geographic Information Science as an Enabler of Smarter Cities and Communities. Part III / [ed] Bacao, F., M.Y. Santos, M. Painho, Springer Publishing Company, 2015, 253-267 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
An automatic mechanism that gives verbal navigation instructions to pedestrians in situ needs to take into account a number of factors. Besides giving the instruction at the righttime and place, the information needs to be as unambiguous as possible for the user to both choose the correct path and be confident in doing so. Humans make extensive use of landmarks when describ-ing the way to others and are more successful following instructions that in-clude landmarks. We present a study comparing landmark-based instructions with relative direction instructions on pedestrians in a real city environment, measuring both objective and subjective success. We find that atsome deci-sion points, relative direction instructions work better. We present a method that uses openly available geographic data to predict which kindof instruction is preferable ata given decision point.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Publishing Company, 2015. 253-267 p.
, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, ISSN 1863-2246
Language Technology (Computational Linguistics)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-165593DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16787-9_15ISI: 000380561000015ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84945958077ISBN: 978-3-319-16787-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-165593DiVA: diva2:808671
18th AGILE Conference on Geographic Information Science, Lisboa, Portugal,June 9th – 12th 2015
ProjectsVR 2013-4854 “Personalized spatially- aware dialogue systems”
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2013-4854
QC 201505182015-04-292015-04-292016-09-05Bibliographically approved