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Reaching a quantum consensus: master equations that generate symmetrization and synchronization
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Automatic Control. KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Centres, ACCESS Linnaeus Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9940-5929
2016 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 62, no 1, 374-387 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we propose and study amaster-equation based approach to drive a quantum network with n qubits to a consensus (symmetric) state introduced by Mazzarella et al. The state evolution of the quantum network is described by a Lindblad master equation with the Lindblad terms generated by continuous-time swapping operators, which also introduce an underlying interaction graph. We establish a graphical method that bridges the proposed quantum consensus scheme and classical consensus dynamics by studying an induced graph (with 2(2n) nodes) of the quantum interaction graph (with n qubits). A fundamental connection is then shown that quantum consensus over the quantum graph is equivalent to componentwise classical consensus over the induced graph, which allows various existing works on classical consensus to be applicable to the quantum setting. Some basic scaling and structural properties of the quantum induced graph are established via combinatorial analysis. Necessary and sufficient conditions for exponential and asymptotic quantum consensus are obtained, respectively, for switching quantum interaction graphs. As a quantum analogue of classical synchronization of coupled oscillators, quantum synchronization conditions are also presented, in which the reduced states of all qubits tend to a common trajectory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2016. Vol. 62, no 1, 374-387 p.
Keyword [en]
Consensus seeking, quantum networks, qubits synchronization
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-165904ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84962014126OAI: diva2:809076
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationSwedish Research Council

QC 20160319

Available from: 2015-04-30 Created: 2015-04-30 Last updated: 2016-03-19Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, Karl Henrik
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