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A Multi-Line Brush Based Tyre Model to Study the Rolling Resistance and Energy Loss
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Vehicle Dynamics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, VinnExcellence Center for ECO2 Vehicle design.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6339-1043
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Vehicle Dynamics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1426-1936
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Vehicle Dynamics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4048-3452
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Vehicle Dynamics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8928-0368
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of 4th International Tyre Colloquium: Tyre Models for Vehicle Dynamics Analysis, Guildford, UK (2015), 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study aim to develop a three dimensional multi-line brush based tyre model for investigating the rolling resistance and energy loss in tyres. The losses in the model are characterised by the external losses originated from the sliding phenomenon in the tyre contact patch, and the internal losses due to the tyre viscoelastic nature which is employed by a rubber model. The Extended Brush tyre Model (EBM) proposed in this work can be used to estimate the dissipated energy and the rolling resistance under different driving manoeuvres and wheel conditions. This paper focuses on the estimation of energy loss and in-plane rolling resistance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166211ISI: 000375226400020ISBN: 978-1-84469-032-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-166211DiVA: diva2:809766
Conference
4th International Tyre Colloquium: Tyre Models for Vehicle Dynamics Analysis, Guildford, UK
Note

QC 20150507

Available from: 2015-05-05 Created: 2015-05-05 Last updated: 2017-05-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. A tyre model for energy studies in vehicle dynamics simulations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A tyre model for energy studies in vehicle dynamics simulations
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. xii, 64 p.
Series
TRITA-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2015:15
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166282 (URN)978-91-7595-598-8 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-05-22, Farkostteknik laboratoriet, Teknikringen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150507

Available from: 2015-05-07 Created: 2015-05-07 Last updated: 2015-05-07Bibliographically approved
2. Exploiting over-actuation to reduce tyre energy losses in vehicle manoeuvres
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploiting over-actuation to reduce tyre energy losses in vehicle manoeuvres
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Due to environmental and economic challenges road vehicles need bettersolutions to reduce energy consumption. Improvement in tyre rolling e-ciency is one of the key enablers for lower energy consumption. The shifttowards electrication and intelligent driving creates new opportunities todevelop energy-ecient vehicles. For instant over-actuated vehicles whichenables dierent objectives such as safety, performance and energy e-ciency to be fullled during a manoeuvre. The objective of this thesis is todevelop a simulation environment to simulate the energy dissipated fromthe tyre in order to investigate the potential to controlling dierent chassisparameters to reduce rolling losses during driving.The rst part of the thesis is dedicated to develop a high-delity semi-physical non-linear tyre model called the Extended Brush Tyre Model(EBM) to be used for energy studies in vehicle dynamics simulations andlater answer whether it is reasonable to believe that there is any potentialto reduce the rolling loss, and thereby energy consumption, using over-actuation.In the second part of the thesis the benets of over-actuation are invest-igated to enable rolling loss reduction. A control strategy using camber-sideslip control (CSC) is proposed. The allocation problem is solved in the formof an optimisation problem using Dynamics Programming (DP) and ModelPredictive Control (MPC). Exploiting the function for a chosen vehicle ina simulation environment shows a signicant improvement of about 60% inrolling loss reduction while maintaining path tracking. Also by using thisfunction the tyre forces can be distributed more evenly while maintainingthe global force, which results in an increase in the available tyre forcesthat is especially benecial when driving at the limit. It is revealed thatoptimising the vehicle manoeuvre from an energy perspective is sometimesin con ict with the safety demand, thus the energy and safety criteria needto be considered simultaneously during optimisation.Finally, experimental studies using an over-actuated concept vehicleconrmed that the CSC function can reduce overall energy consumptionduring low velocity manoeuvres up to about 13%. By increasing the speed,the saving potential decreases but the contribution is nonetheless of signi-cance. The developed simulation environment, including the EBM, willenable future studies of dierent solutions using over-actuation to reducerolling losses in dierent types of vehicles and driving tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 80 p.
Series
TRITA-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2017:35
National Category
Vehicle Engineering
Research subject
Vehicle and Maritime Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207787 (URN)978-91-7729-441-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-13, D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170524

Available from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-24 Last updated: 2017-06-29Bibliographically approved

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Davari, Mohammad MehdiJerrelind, JennyStensson Trigell, AnnikaDrugge, Lars

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