Post examination of copper ER sensors exposed to bentonite
2015 (English)In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 459, 306-312 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Copper corrosion in saline solutions under oxic conditions is one of concerns for the early periods of disposal of spent nuclear fuel in deep geological repositories. The main aim of the study was to investigate the corrosion behaviour of copper during this oxic period. The corrosion rate of pure copper was measured by means of thin electrical resistance (ER) sensors that were placed in a test package containing an oxic bentonite/saline groundwater environment at room temperature for a period of four years. Additionally, the corrosion rate was monitored by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements that were performed on the same ER sensors. By the end of the exposure period the corrosion rate, as estimated by both methods, had dropped to approximately 1.0 mu m/year. The corrosion rate was also estimated by the examination of metallographic cross sections. The post examination tests which were used to determine the type and extent of corrosion products included different spectroscopic techniques (XRD and Raman analysis). It was confirmed that the corrosion rate obtained by means of physical (ER) and electrochemical techniques (EIS) was consistent with that estimated from the metallographic cross section analysis. The corrosion products consisted of cuprous oxide and paratacamite, which was very abundant. From the types of attack it can be concluded that the investigated samples of copper in bentonite underwent uneven general corrosion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 459, 306-312 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-163957DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2015.01.058ISI: 000350710700040ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84922572729OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-163957DiVA: diva2:809867
QC 201505052015-05-052015-04-132015-05-05Bibliographically approved