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Kinetic Evaluation of the Laminar Flame Speed for Biomass Derived Gas Combustion
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4115-7330
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The gas composition derived from gasification of biomass has been used in gasturbine combustion to achieve higher energy efficiency. However, there is an essential requirement to better understand the combustion characteristics of biomass derived gas before it can be used in the existing combustion facilities. A quantified study of the laminar flame speed of biomass derived gas combustionis presented in this paper. The study was carried out based on the kinetic model of the biomass derived gas flame and the results are compared with the experimental data from the our laboratory and various literatures. The laminarflame speed of the biomass derived gas was evaluated through a range of initial temperature (298 K - 398 K) and pressure (1 atm - 10 atm), as well as with various gas compositions. An empirical relationship for estimating the laminarflame speed has been derived for a composition of typical biomass derived gas. Furthermore, the evaluation of laminar flame speeds with various compositions have been carried out through numerical calculations and results were compared with experimental data from previous studies. The hydrogen concentration in gas composition has shown an essential importance for the laminarflame speed variation.

National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-166250DiVA: diva2:810068
Note

QS 2015

Available from: 2015-05-06 Created: 2015-05-06 Last updated: 2015-05-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Numerical Study on Combustion Features of Gasified Biomass Gas
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Numerical Study on Combustion Features of Gasified Biomass Gas
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There is a great interest to develop biomass combustion systems for industrial and utility applications. Improved biomass energy conversion systems are designed to provide better combustion efficiencies and environmental friendly conditions, as well as the fuel flexibility options in various applications. The gas derived from the gasification process of biomass is considered as one of the potential candidates to substitute traditional fuels in a combustion process. However, the gascomposition from the gasification process may have a wide range of variation depending on the methods and fuel sources. The better understanding of the combustion features for the Gasified Biomass Gas(GBG) is essential for the development of combustion devices to be operated efficiently and safely at the user-end.

The objective of the current study is therefore aiming to achieve data associated with the combustion features of GBG fuel for improving the efficiency and stability of combustion process. The numerical result is achieved from the kinetic models of premixed combustion with a wide range of operating ranges and variety of gas compositions. The numerical result is compared with experimental data to provide a better understanding of the combustion process for GBG fuel.

In this thesis the laminar flame speed and ignition delay time of the GBG fuel are analyzed, using 1-D premixed flame model and constant volume model respectively. The result from different kinetics are evaluated and compared with experimental data. The influences of initial temperature, pressure and equivalence ratio are considered, as well as the variation of gas compositions. While the general agreement is reached between the numerical result and experimental data for laminarflame speed prediction, deviations are discovered at fuel-rich region and increased initial temperature. For the ignition delay time, deviations are found in the low-temperature and low pressure regime. The empirical equations considering the influence of initial temperature,pressure and equivalence ratio are developed for laminar flame speed and ignition delay times. The influence of major compositions such as CO, H2 and hydrocarbons are discussed in details in the thesis. Furthermore, a simplified kinetic model is developed and optimized based on the evaluation of existing kinetics for GBG fuel combustion. The simplified kinetic model is expected to be used for simulating the complexc ombustion process of GBG fuel in future studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. xviii, 51 p.
Series
TRITA-KRV, ISSN 1100-7990 ; 15/04
Keyword
Kinetic model, gasified biomass gas, premixed combustion, laminar flame speed, ignition delay time
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Biotechnology; Energy Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166252 (URN)978-91-7595-534-6 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-05-19, Sal M235, Brinellvägen 68, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150511

Available from: 2015-05-11 Created: 2015-05-06 Last updated: 2015-05-11Bibliographically approved

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Zhang, Xiaoxiang

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