Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The Energy and Water Emergency Module: A containerized solution for meeting the energy and water needs in protracted displacement situations
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Energy Conversion and Management, ISSN 0196-8904, E-ISSN 1879-2227, Vol. 93, 205-214 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The world has faced many natural and man-made disasters in the past few years, resulting in millions of people living in temporary camps across the globe. The energy and clean water needs of the relief operators in such emergency situations are primarily satisfied by diesel engine based generators and importing clean water to the site, in certain cases even for several years after the emergency. This approach results in problems such as low security of supply and high costs. Especially targeting the prolonged displacement situations, this paper presents an alternative solution - the Energy and Water Emergency Module. The proposed solution aims towards reducing the dependency on fossil fuel in prolonged emergency situations to a minimum while including local energy sources in the energy supply in a flexible and reliable way. The proposed module is built in a standard 20 ft container, and encompasses hybrid generation from solar, wind and biomass, with the possibility of using fossil sources too thanks to a dual fuel gas engine. The module can work both in grid connected and stand-alone mode. In addition the module includes a water purification unit to meet the water needs of displaced population. A demonstration unit was assembled at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm during the year 2012 as a 'concept proof, and is now being tested and optimized for future deployment on the field. Preliminary testing and modelling shows that the proposed solution can reliably support emergency situations, and is already cost competitive with the current water and energy supply solutions for emergency situations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 93, 205-214 p.
Keyword [en]
Energy and Water Emergency Module, Disaster relief, Renewable energy, Hybrid energy systems, Water purification
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-163968DOI: 10.1016/j.enconman.2015.01.019ISI: 000350711100022ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84921961286OAI: diva2:810570

QC 20150507

Available from: 2015-05-07 Created: 2015-04-13 Last updated: 2015-05-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Fuso Nerini, FrancescoAppleyard, Eduardo
By organisation
Energy Technology
In the same journal
Energy Conversion and Management
Energy Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 69 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link