Inclusion Behavior under a Swirl Flow in a Submerged Entry Nozzle and Mold
2015 (English)In: Steel Research International, ISSN 1611-3683, Vol. 86, no 4, 341-360 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previous studies have verified that a swirl flow generated in a submerged entry nozzle (SEN) can effectively improve a flow pattern and a heat transfer in a continuous casting (CC) process. In order to obtain a further in-depth understanding with respect to the effect of a swirl flow on a CC process, the inclusion behavior in a SEN and a mold was studied in the present work. The flow field and the temperature field of molten steel as well as the inclusion behavior in a SEN and a square bloom mold were simulated under the influence of a rotating electromagnetic field (swirl generator). Also, the influence of different inclusion parameters such as the densities, sizes, and boundary conditions, on the inclusion behavior was studied. The results show that a flow pattern in a SEN can be characterized into three distinct flow regions: an accelerating flow of molten steel from an electromagnetic swirl flow generator (EMSFG) inlet to an EMSFG center, a decelerating flow of molten steel from an EMSFG center to an EMSFG outlet, and a recirculation flow of molten steel from an EMSFG outlet to an SEN outlet. In addition, it was found that light Al2O3 inclusion moves towards the rotational center by a centrifugal force, and that a swirl flow prevents nozzle clogging. Moreover, it was also found that the inclusion separation to a mold meniscus increased and that the inclusions trapped into a solidified shell wall decreased when using a swirl flow.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 86, no 4, 341-360 p.
inclusion behavior, mold, rotating magnetic field, submerged entry nozzle, swirl flow
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166340DOI: 10.1002/srin.201300462ISI: 000352712300003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84926686756OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-166340DiVA: diva2:810671
QC 201505082015-05-082015-05-072015-11-02Bibliographically approved