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Residential energy consumption and conservation
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1750-3726
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
2015 (English)In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 102, 58-66 p.Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Swedish energy performance certificates for single-family housing provide rich information on energy consumption and various physical attributes. They also include estimates of the energy conservation potentials resulting from implementing cost-efficient energy saving measures. By matching the certificates issued for single-family houses in 2009 and 2010, with socio-economic data about the residents, local climate data and information about recent improvements of the building we have created a unique database, which can be used to explore a wide variety of questions related to energy consumption and conservation. One aim of this paper is to assess the role for energy consumption played by socio-economic characteristics of the residents as compared to physical attributes of the house. Another is to estimate the influence of housing attributes and climate on the "engineering estimates" of the conservation potentials. Our results show that while the quantitative impact of physical attributes dominate the energy use for heating and cooling, the opposite holds for household electricity. The assessed conservation potential, amounting to 15% of the energy consumption, is significantly related to both the housing attributes and the use of energy. The results also indicate a need to improve the information provided by the performance certificates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 102, 58-66 p.
Keyword [en]
Building attributes, Energy consumption, Energy performance certificate, Energy saving potential, Household characteristics, Single-family houses
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified Economics
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis; Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166838DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2015.05.008ISI: 000358458100005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84930933027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-166838DiVA: diva2:812641
Note

QC 20150827

Available from: 2015-05-19 Created: 2015-05-19 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Livable and Sustainable Cities: Explorations of the City Soul and Energy-Efficient Housing based on Swedish Data on Citizens’ Preferences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Livable and Sustainable Cities: Explorations of the City Soul and Energy-Efficient Housing based on Swedish Data on Citizens’ Preferences
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary cities face many challenges, none the least from an urban planning perspective. Global climate change and urbanization is putting pressures on planning for combatting and adapting to, e.g., a warmer climate and an increased need for housing in already dense environments.

The aim of this thesis is to contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of residents’ opinions and preferences regarding various aspects of city livability and sustainability. Two of the papers discuss energy-efficient housing and two the identity/soul of the city and its neighborhoods. The papers are empirically oriented and rest on relatively large quantitative materials of Swedish data. The database used in the first two articles contains around 77,000 observations of single-family homes. The residential survey used in the two final papers was sent to a random sample of 6,600 residents in four cities, resulting in 2,573 respondents.

Regression is the primary analytical method and the results indicate a preference for sustainable housing, in terms of a price premium on heat pumps (attributes that both reduce the energy consumption and are easily observed in the house). It is further suggested that the perception of a strong city/neighborhood soul is linked to positive relations to the city and to positive perceptions of its physical characteristics. In particular, feelings of attachment, belonging, and pride as well as perceptions of aesthetics, arts, and symbols, seem to be linked to a strong city/neighborhood soul.

The presented research contributes to related literature through providing insight to Swedish residents’ preferences and opinions concerning energy-efficient housing and the city/neighborhood soul. It is shown that a citizen perspective based on carefully designed databases and appropriate analytical tools can be used by planners to gain new insights supporting urban livability and sustainability efforts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 34 p.
Series
TRITA-SOM, ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2017-07
Keyword
Attractive cities, place identity, green housing, urban planning, quantitative studies, residential satisfaction
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-215196 (URN)978-91-7729-501-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-10-26, Sal Q2, Osquldas väg 10, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20171004

Available from: 2017-10-04 Created: 2017-10-04 Last updated: 2017-10-05Bibliographically approved

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Wahlström, Marie

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