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Floating Car and Camera Data Fusion for Non-Parametric Route Travel Time Estimation
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport planning, economics and engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8750-8242
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport planning, economics and engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4106-3126
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport planning, economics and engineering.
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The paper proposes a non-parametric route travel time estimation method based on fusion of floating car data (FCD) and automated number plate recognition (ANPR) data. Today’s traffic management utilizes heterogeneous data collection systems which can be stationary or mobile. Each data collection system has its own advantages and disadvantages. Stationary sensors usually have less measurement noise than mobile sensors but their network coverage is limited. On the other hand, mobile sensors, commonly installed in fleet vehicles, cover relatively wider areas of the network but they suffer from low penetration rate and low sampling frequency. Traffic state estimations can benefit from fusion of data collected by various sources as they complement each other. The proposed estimation method is implemented using FCD from taxis and the ANPR data from Stockholm, Sweden. The results suggest that the fusion increases the robustness of the estimation, meaning that the fused estimates are always better than the worst of the two (FCD or ANPR), and it sometimes outperforms the two single sources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. 1286-1291 p.
Series
2014 17th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2014, 6957864
Keyword [en]
Floating car data, ANPR, data fusion, route travel time estimation
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167792DOI: 10.1109/ITSC.2014.6957864ISI: 000357868701058Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84937113926OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-167792DiVA: diva2:813428
Conference
2014 IEEE 17th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC), October 8-11, 2014. Qingdao, China
Note

QC 20150525

Available from: 2015-05-22 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2015-08-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Urban Travel Time Estimation from Sparse GPS Data: An Efficient and Scalable Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Urban Travel Time Estimation from Sparse GPS Data: An Efficient and Scalable Approach
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The use of GPS probes in traffic management is growing rapidly as the required data collection infrastructure is increasingly in place, with significant number of mobile sensors moving around covering expansive areas of the road network. Many travelers carry with them at least one device with a built-in GPS receiver. Furthermore, vehicles are becoming more and more location aware. Vehicles in commercial fleets are now routinely equipped with GPS.

Travel time is important information for various actors of a transport system, ranging from city planning, to day to day traffic management, to individual travelers. They all make decisions based on average travel time or variability of travel time among other factors.

AVI (Automatic Vehicle Identification) systems have been commonly used for collecting point-to-point travel time data. Floating car data (FCD) -timestamped locations of moving vehicles- have shown potential for travel time estimation. Some advantages of FCD compared to stationary AVI systems are that they have no single point of failure and they have better network coverage. Furthermore, the availability of opportunistic sensors, such as GPS, makes the data collection infrastructure relatively convenient to deploy.

Currently, systems that collect FCD are designed to transmit data in a limited form and relatively infrequently due to the cost of data transmission. Thus, reported locations are far apart in time and space, for example with 2 minutes gaps. For sparse FCD to be useful for transport applications, it is required that the corresponding probes be matched to the underlying digital road network. Matching such data to the network is challenging.

This thesis makes the following contributions: (i) a map-matching and path inference algorithm, (ii) a method for route travel time estimation, (iii) a fixed point approach for joint path inference and travel time estimation, and (iv) a method for fusion of FCD with data from automatic number plate recognition. In all methods, scalability and overall computational efficiency are considered among design requirements.

Throughout the thesis, the methods are used to process FCD from 1500 taxis in Stockholm City. Prior to this work, the data had been ignored because of its low frequency and minimal information. The proposed methods proved that the data can be processed and transformed into useful traffic information. Finally, the thesis implements the main components of an experimental ITS laboratory, called iMobility Lab. It is designed to explore GPS and other emerging data sources for traffic monitoring and control. Processes are developed to be computationally efficient, scalable, and to support real time applications with large data sets through a proposed distributed implementation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. xiv, 50 p.
Series
TRITA-TSC-PHD, 15:005
Keyword
map-matching, path inference, sparse GPS probes, floating car data, arterial, urban area, digital road network, iterative travel time estimation, fixed point problem, Stockholm, taxi
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167798 (URN)978-91-87353-72-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-06-05, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 13:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150525

Available from: 2015-05-25 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2015-05-25Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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