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Biodegradable polymer scaffolds loaded with low-dose BMP-2 stimulate periodontal ligament cell differentiation
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A, ISSN 1549-3296, E-ISSN 1552-4965, Vol. 103, no 6, 1991-1998 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Poly(l-lactide)-co-(epsilon-caprolactone) [poly(LLA-co-CL)] and poly(l-lactide)-co-(1,5-dioxepan-2-one) [poly(LLA-co-DXO)] are being considered candidate scaffolds for bone tissue engineering. We evaluated the bioactive potential of poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) scaffolds loaded with low-dose bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells were cultured onto the various scaffolds loaded with 1 μg BMP-2 or without BMP-2 (control). Cell viability, attachment, and proliferation were determined using a methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetric assay at day 1, 3, and 7. Scanning electron microscopy was used to analyze cell morphology at day 7. Cell differentiation was evaluated assaying alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity at day 7, 14, and 21. Real-time PCR was used to evaluate the mRNA expression of periostin, ALP, type I collagen, bone sialoprotein and BMP-2. A commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to assess BMP-2 production. Surface analysis disclosed excellent cell attachment, spread, and penetration into the porous scaffolds. The MTT assay indicated that scaffolds loaded with low concentration of BMP-2 did not influence the viability of cells. Cells grown on the modified scaffolds expressed higher levels of osteogenic markers than the nonmodified scaffolds (p<0.05). Poly(LLA-co-CL) and poly(LLA-co-DXO) scaffolds loaded with low-dose BMP-2 exhibited a significant effect stimulating PDL differentiation suggesting a continued evaluation in relevant in vivo models.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 103, no 6, 1991-1998 p.
Keyword [en]
bioengineering, BMP-2, cell biology, differentiation, polymer scaffolds, Biodegradable polymers, Biomaterials, Bone, Cells, Cytology, Differentiation (calculus), Phosphatases, Polymerase chain reaction, Scanning electron microscopy, Surface analysis, Systems science, Alkaline phosphatase activity, Biodegradable polymer scaffolds, Bone morphogenetic protein-2, Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, Periodontal ligament cells, Scaffolds (biology)
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167788DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.35334ISI: 000354024100010PubMedID: 25231842ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84928584903OAI: diva2:813767
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 242175

QC 20150525

Available from: 2015-05-25 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2015-06-15Bibliographically approved

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Sun, YangFinne-Wistrand, Anna
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