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Hybrid feedback design for subsonic and transonic airfoils and wings
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Aerodynamics. (flygteknik)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4991-5503
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Aerodynamics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Aerodynamics.
2014 (English)In: 52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014, National Harbor, 2014Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A hybrid inverse/optimization method for subsonic/transonic airfoil and wing shapedesign is presented with application to a range of airfoil and wing cases, in preparation forthe test cases defined for the Special Session of SciTech 2014. The method is hybrid in thesense that it combines the traditional inverse design technique with an optimization pro-cedure that determines the optimum target pressure distribution. This paper emphasizesthe first part, the development of SCID, the Surface Curvature Inverse Design method,the theory upon which it is based, including many of the details involved with shocks,smoothing and cross flow. The application of SCID to wing design poses many challenges,and how they are met is discussed in the context of a number of inverse design test casesfor airfoils and wings. The procedure works well for airfoils, whereas twist optimizationfor transonic wings remains a challenge. The real benchmarks for our hybrid approach arethe three Optimization Discussion Group design problems. Solutions are presented for thedrag minimization of the NACA airfoil along with the wing twist optimization problem,and conclusions are drawn from the results obtained. Work has started on the drag mini-mization of the CRM wing in transonic flight, and final results will be presented in a futurepaper.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Harbor, 2014.
Keyword [en]
inverse design, transonic wing
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Research subject
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-168151DOI: 10.2514/6.2014-0414Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84902795517ISBN: 978-1-62410-256-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-168151DiVA: diva2:814510
Conference
52nd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting - AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition, SciTech 2014; National Harbor, MD; United States; 13 January 2014 through 17 January 2014
Note

QC 20150527

Available from: 2015-05-27 Created: 2015-05-27 Last updated: 2016-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Contributions to Variable Fidelity MDO Framework for Collaborative and Integrated Aircraft Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contributions to Variable Fidelity MDO Framework for Collaborative and Integrated Aircraft Design
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis develops computational tools for early stages of the aircraft design process. The work focuses on a framework which allows several design teams concurrently to develop a baseline concept into a configuration which meets requirements and whose aerodynamics has been assessed by flight simulation. To this end, a data base format suggested by the German Aerospace Center DLR was adopted in the CEASIOM system, developed in the EU 6th Framework Program, enabling more accurate transonic analysis and tabulation of forces and moments as well as control surface authority assessment. Results from simple, fast models are combined with computationally expensive full CFD results by co-Kriging to speed up productionof the aero-data for flight simulation.

Non-linear optimization methods in wing design play an increasingly important role together with computational aerodynamics. High performance computing enables the use of high-fidelity non-linear flow predictions in optimization loops. It is argued that the optimization tools should allow the engineer to influence the process by setting up suitable target pressure distributions for the shape to approach, combined with steps to minimize drag under suitable constraints on geometry, forces, and moments. The simulation framework incorporated into CEASIOM was applied to a number of configurations, conventional as well as un-conventional, such as an a-symmetric twin prop, a canard-configured transonic cruiser, and a novel chinrudder concept for transonic airliners. Aerodynamic shape design by the developed methods was applied to the standard M6 benchmark wing, a joined-wing concept, a wing-tip, and a blended wing-body.

Abstract [sv]

Avhandlingen utvecklat beräkningsmoduler för tidiga stadier i flygplanskonstruktionsprocessen. Arbetet kocentreras på ett program-ramverk som låter flera designteam samtidigt utveckla en grund-modell till en konfiguration som uppfyller ställda krav och vars aerodynamik har undersökts med flygsimulering. För att nå detta mål antogs ett data-bas format utarbetat av DLR (German Aerospace Center) i CEASIOM-programpaketet som utvecklats i EUs sjätte ramprogram. Det möjliggjorde noggrannare analys och framtagning av tabeller över krafter och moment liksom bedömning av styrytors funktion i transoniskt fartområde. Resultat från enkla, snabba beräknngsmodeller kombineras via co-Kriging med beräkningsmässigt dyra CFD-körningar för att snabbt ta fram aero-data som behövs för flygsimuleringen.

Icke-linjär optimering spelar allt större roll i ving-formgivning, tillsammans med numerisk aerodynamik. Högpresterande datorer medger användning av noggranna icke-linjära strömningsmodeller också i optimerings-slingor. Det argumenteras för att optimerings-verktygen skall ge ingenjörerna direkt inflytande över processen genom definition av fördelaktiga tryckfördelningar som vingformen ska åstadkomma, kombinerat med steg som minimerar luftmotstånd under bivillkor på geometri, krafter och moment.

Simulerings-ramverket implementerat i CEASIOM tillämpas så på ett antal konfigurationer, konventionella såväl som o-konventionella: ett osymmetriskt tvåmotorigt propellerplan, och större transoniska flygplan, ett för Mach 0.97 med canardvinge, och ett nytt koncept med hak-roder.

Aerodynamisk formgivning med de utvecklade metoderna tillämpas på standardfallet M6-vingen, en transonisk dubbel-vinge, en vingtipp, och en flygande vinge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. xx, 101 p.
Series
TRITA-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2015:27
National Category
Aerospace Engineering
Research subject
Aerospace Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-168169 (URN)978-91-7595-606-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-06-12, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
SimSACNOVEMOR
Note

QC 20150528

Available from: 2015-05-28 Created: 2015-05-27 Last updated: 2015-05-28Bibliographically approved

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