High-Efficiency SiC Power Conversion: Base Drivers for Bipolar Junction Transistors and Performance Impacts on Series-Resonant Converters
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis aims to bring an understanding to the silicon carbide (SiC) bipolar junction transistor (BJT). SiC power devices are superior to the silicon IGBT in several ways. They are for instance, able to operate with higher efficiency, at higher frequencies, and at higher junction temperatures. From a system point of view the SiC power device could decrease the cost and complexity of cooling, reduce the size and weight of the system, and enable the system to endure harsher environments.
The three main SiC power device designs are discussed with a focus on the BJT. The SiC BJT is compared to the SiC junction field-effect transistor (JFET) and the metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET). The potential of employing SiC power devices in applications, ranging from induction heating to high-voltage direct current (HVDC), is presented.
The theory behind the state-of-the-art dual-source (2SRC) base driver that was presented by Rabkowski et al. a few years ago is described. This concept of proportional base drivers is introduced with a focus on the discretized proportional base drivers (DPBD). By implementing the DPBD concept and building a prototype it is shown that the steady-state consumption of the base driver can be reduced considerably.
The aspects of the reverse conduction of the SiC BJT are presented. It is shown to be of importance to consider the reduced voltage drop over the base-emitter junction.
Last the impact of SiC unipolar and bipolar devices in series-resonant (SLR) converters is presented. Two full-bridges are designed and constructed, one with SiC MOSFETs utilizing the body diode for reverse conduction during the dead-time, and the second with SiC BJTs with anti-parallel SiC Schottky diodes. It is found that the SiC power devices, with their absence of tail current, are ideal devices to fully utilize the soft-switching properties that the SLR converters offer. The SiC MOSFET benefits from its possibility to utilize reverse conduction with a low voltage drop. It is also found that the size of capacitance of the snubbers can be reduced compare to state-of-the-art silicon technology. High switching frequencies of 200 kHz are possible while still keeping the losses low. A dead-time control strategy for each device is presented. The dual control (DuC) algorithm is tested with the SiC devices and compared to frequency modulation (FM).
The analytical investigations presented in this thesis are confirmed by experimental results on several laboratory prototype converters.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. , xiv, 71 p.
TRITA-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2015:024
Silicon Carbide, Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT), Resonant converter, Series-resonant converter (SLR), Base drive circuits, High- Efficiency Converters, High-Frequency Converters
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject Electrical Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-168163ISBN: 978-91-7595-601-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-168163DiVA: diva2:814732
2015-06-12, H1, Teknikringen 33, KTH, Stockholm, 09:45 (English)
Munk-Nielsen, Stig, Professor
Nee, Hans-Peter, Professor
QC 201505292015-05-292015-05-272015-05-29Bibliographically approved
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