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Hysteresis between distinct modes of turbulent dynamos
KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA.
KTH, Centres, Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics NORDITA. Stockholm University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7304-021X
2015 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 803, no 2, 95Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nonlinear mean-field models of the solar dynamo show long-term variability, which may be relevant to different states of activity inferred from long-term radiocarbon data. This paper is aimed at probing the dynamo hysteresis predicted by the recent mean-field models of Kitchatinov & Olemskoy with direct numerical simulations. We perform three-dimensional (3D) simulations of large-scale dynamos in a shearing box with helically forced turbulence. As an initial condition, we either take a weak random magnetic field or we start from a snapshot of an earlier simulation. Two quasi-stable states are found to coexist in a certain range of parameters close to the onset of the large-scale dynamo. The simulations converge to one of these states depending on the initial conditions. When either the fractional helicity or the magnetic Prandtl number is increased between successive runs above the critical value for onset of the dynamo, the field strength jumps to a finite value. However, when the fractional helicity or the magnetic Prandtl number is then decreased again, the field strength stays at a similar value (strong field branch) even below the original onset. We also observe intermittent decaying phases away from the strong field branch close to the point where large-scale dynamo action is just possible. The dynamo hysteresis seen previously in mean-field models is thus reproduced by 3D simulations. Its possible relation to distinct modes of solar activity such as grand minima is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 803, no 2, 95
Keyword [en]
dynamo, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), Sun: activity, Sun: magnetic fields, turbulence
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-166976DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/803/2/95ISI: 000353524500047ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84928502185OAI: diva2:814771
Swedish Research Council, 621-2011-5076 2012-5797

QC 20150528

Available from: 2015-05-28 Created: 2015-05-21 Last updated: 2015-06-12Bibliographically approved

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