Morphology and properties of silica-based coatings with different functionalities for Fe3O4, ZnO and Al2O3 nanoparticles
2015 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 5, no 59, 48094-48103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A facile single-step method for obtaining 2–3 nm thick silsesquioxane coatings on metal oxide nanoparticles using different carbon-functional silane precursors is presented. Iron oxide nanoparticles 8.5 nm in diameter were used as a model to evaluate the possibilities of forming different uniform carbon-functional coatings, ranging from hydrophobic to hydrophilic in character. Electron microscopy showed that all the coated nanoparticles could be described as core-shell nanoparticles with single Fe3O4 cores and carbon-functional silsesquioxane shells, without any core-free silicone oxide phase. Steric factors strongly influenced the deposited silicon oxide precursors with octyl-, methyl- or aminopropyl functionalities, resulting in coating densities ranging from 260 to 560 kg/m3. The methyl-functional coatings required several layers of silsesquioxane, 3–4, to build up the 2 nm structures, whereas only 1-2 layers were required for silsesquioxane with octyl groups. Pure silica coatings from tetraethoxysilanes were however considerably thicker due to the absence of steric hindrance during deposition, allowing the formation of 5–7 nm coatings of ca. 10 layers. The coating method developed for the iron oxide nanoparticles was generic and successfully transferred and up–scaled 30 and 325 times (by volume) to be applicable to 25 nm ZnO and 45 nm Al2O3 nanoparticles.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 5, no 59, 48094-48103 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-168258DOI: 10.1039/C5RA04452AISI: 000355703700096ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84930623622OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-168258DiVA: diva2:815278
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research , EM11-0022
Updated from "Submitted" to "Published". QC 201507032015-05-292015-05-292016-09-15Bibliographically approved