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The nature and the geography of elderly injuries in Sweden
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5302-1698
2015 (English)In: GeoJournal, ISSN 0343-2521, E-ISSN 1572-9893, Vol. 80, no 2, 279-299 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study assesses the nature and the geography of elderly injuries in Sweden. The most dominant types of accidents affecting the elderly in their homes and near environments are identified by using county-specific data from 2001 to 2010 followed by a correlation analysis of possible environmental factors underlying patterns of falls among the elderly. Geographical information systems are used to map rates by type. Slipping, tripping and stumbling are the causes of more than half of cases of elderly falls in Sweden, and is more typical in the Northern counties. Findings also show there has been a rise in rates of elderly falls since 2001 in most of the Southern counties, especially in Östergötland and Skåne Counties. Population age and gender affect the ecology of geography of fall rates and counties experiencing long cold winters tend to show higher rates of indoor falls than those with warmer temperature across the year. The article finalizes with a discussion of the results and implication for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015. Vol. 80, no 2, 279-299 p.
Keyword [en]
Elderly injury, Geography of fall, Seasonal temperature variation, Spatial patterns, Earth sciences, Planning, Cold winter, Correlation analysis, Elderly falls, Environmental factors, Seasonal temperature variations, Geographic information systems
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167749DOI: 10.1007/s10708-014-9552-zISI: 000367615800020Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84928376075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-167749DiVA: diva2:815477
Note

QC 20150601. QC 20160201

Available from: 2015-06-01 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ensuring elderly mobility: environmental and safety issues
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ensuring elderly mobility: environmental and safety issues
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to provide a better understanding of the issues of safe mobility ‎for the elderly population in Sweden. ‎This is achieved first by assessing the geography and patterns of ‎elderly falls at the county level and then by conducting a detailed survey with residents in senior ‎housing to investigate the relationship between indoor and/or outdoor environmental ‎characteristics and elderly safety. Safety is regarded as a multidimensional concept that ‎involves risk of falls, crime victimization and elderly people’s perception of their ‎overall safety. Using a case study approach, the study also assesses the types of outdoor places where most crimes ‎against the elderly take place and the types of places most feared by them. The study ‎adapts a set of qualitative and quantitative methods ‎to capture the nature of the phenomena; trends, patterns and frameworks that support ‎the analysis and implications of the results for both research and practice. The findings show ‎that elderly falls in Sweden vary geographically and exhibit gender, age, environmental, and socio-‎economic differences. The mobility of the older population is influenced by their ‎perceived safety in indoor and outdoor environments. Certain features of apartment layout and furniture arrangement are identified as potential causes of falls. Older adults’ ‎perception of safety exhibits a distance-decay effect from their senior housing building. Distance decay indicates that safety is deemed highest closest to their homes and decreases as the distance increases. There are indications that older adults take longer routes and increase their mobility because they are fearful at certain spots in their neighbourhood. The thesis ‎concludes with a discussion of the results and implications for both research and policy making at the local and ‎county levels. ‎

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 40 p.
Series
TRITA-SOM, ISSN 1653-6126 ; 2017-01
Keyword
Elderly, safe mobility, environment
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Planning and Decision Analysis
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207794 (URN)978-91-7729-394-1 (ISBN)978-91-7729-459-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-13, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Sing-Sing, floor 2, KTH Campus, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170602

My doctoral project was funded byLars Erik LundbergScholarship Foundation.

Available from: 2017-05-24 Created: 2017-05-24 Last updated: 2017-07-04Bibliographically approved

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