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Energy system analysis of the implications of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the Swedish road transport system
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3315-4201
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2014 (English)In: 20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014, 2014, 2084-2091 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The focus on pathways to reduce the use of fossil fuels in the transport sector is intense in many countries worldwide. Considering that biofuels have a limited technical production potential and that battery electric vehicles suffer from technical limitations that put constraints on their general use in the transport sector, hydrogen-fuelled fuel cell vehicles may become a feasible alternative. Introduction of hydrogen in the transport sector will also transform the energy sector and create new interactions. The aim of this paper is to analyse the consequences and feasibility of such an integration in Sweden. Different pathways for hydrogen, electricity and methane to the transport sector are compared with regard to system energy efficiency. The efficiencies for hydrogen and electricity are used for estimating the energy resources needed for hydrogen production and electric vehicles for a future Swedish transport sector based on renewable fuels. The analysis reveal that the well to wheel system efficiencies for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are comparable to those of methane gas vehicles, even when methane gas is the primary energy source. The results further indicate that an increased hydrogen demand may have a less than expected impact on the primary energy supply in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. 2084-2091 p.
Keyword [en]
Energy system, Fuel cell electric vehicles, Hydrogen, Transport, Well to wheel efficiency, Airships, Electric vehicles, Energy resources, Fuel cells, Gas fuel analysis, Hydrogen fuels, Hydrogen production, Methane, Vehicle wheels, Vehicles, Wheels, Battery electric vehicles, Energy system analysis, Energy systems, Fuel cell electric vehicle, Hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, Road transport systems, Well-to-wheel, Energy efficiency
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167958ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84924854764ISBN: 9780000000002OAI: diva2:817110
20th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, WHEC 2014, 15 June 2014 through 20 June 2014

QC 20150604

Available from: 2015-06-04 Created: 2015-05-22 Last updated: 2015-06-04Bibliographically approved

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Grönkvist, StefanAlvfors, Per
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