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A proposed BIM business value model
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Real Estate and Construction Management, Project Communication.
2014 (English)In: Proceedings 30th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2014, 2014, 633-642 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The business value of IT investments has long engaged researchers in fields of information systems (IS) and information technology (IT). Only in recent years has the business value of IT investments received attention in a construction industry context. Particularly, research on the business value of Building Information Modeling (BIM) has emerged in research during the last decade. However, much of the studies do not account for how organizational and business factors influence the value creation process. The research also tends to emphasize what the economic effects of BIM are rather than exploring how these values are created and under what organizational conditions. Hence, the aim is to explore how business value of BIM can be developed in an organizational and business process context. Building on models of IT business value creation from the IT/IS research field, together with findings from interviews on the perceived economic outcomes of BIM, a tentative BIM Business Value Model is proposed that accounts for organizational and business process factors. The model is then used to analyse and suggest what organizational and business related activities that need further attention from research in order to enable BIM business value creation. The findings indicate that among these activities are managing stakeholder requirements, incentives for BIM use, joint inter-organizational activities with partners and delivery of key information to operations and maintenance. A prerequisite for value creation with BIM is however to be able to manage organizational change if BIM is to have a potential impact on performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. 633-642 p.
Keyword [en]
Construction industry, Information management, Information systems
National Category
Construction Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-168534Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84911375216ISBN: 978-095523908-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-168534DiVA: diva2:818084
Conference
30th Annual Association of Researchers in Construction Management Conference, ARCOM 2014; Portsmouth; United Kingdom
Note

QC 20150608

Available from: 2015-06-08 Created: 2015-06-04 Last updated: 2017-09-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. An Organizational Perspective on the Business Value of BIM
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Organizational Perspective on the Business Value of BIM
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry is often characterized by low productivity, poor quality, slow IT adoption and a low rate of innovation. Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been addressed as an IT based potential solution to many of the industry´s problem and BIM has received much attention in both industry and academia. However, most research has focused on the technical and normative perspectives of BIM, leaving the organizational perspective overlooked. 

 

Lately, the term “business value of BIM” has emerged in the industry. However, the term has not been clearly defined or explained neither in industry nor in research. Yet, it is a term that has been referred to by many industry and governmental agencies, as well as by researchers. Overall, there is a lack of research that explores how the business value of BIM implementation is perceived among BIM users and that explores what organizational challenges that can arise when implementing BIM for business value. The purpose of this licentiate thesis has been to study BIM implementation in the AEC industry by elaborating on the still rather vague concept of business value of BIM and by exploring the organisational challenges of implementing BIM for business value creation; applying an organizational perspective on BIM implementation. Thus, this licentiate thesis has addressed the gap in research on the lack of the organizational perspective of BIM.

 

The respondents manly perceived the business value of BIM in negative terms, such as for example extra costs. The positive perceptions about the business value of BIM were future desired positive effects not yet realized due to the many intra and inter- organizational challenges of implementing BIM, for example, challenges in changing work processes and work routines, demanding BIM in procurement and providing incentives tied to BIM. In particular, the organizational challenges related to implementing BIM for business value creation was creating and managing organisational change.

 

This licentiate thesis has emphasized how the perceived business value of BIM implementation in the AEC industry not only is characterized by often negative effects, but that it also is capsized by many organizational challenges that are perceived as hinders towards the potential positive effects. This licentiate has argued for the need for more studies on the organizational perspective of BIM, and in particular, on the organizational challenges of implementing BIM for business value, and thus provided a foundation for future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. xii, 54 p.
Series
TRITA-FOB, 2015:9
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Information and Communication Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177679 (URN)978-91-85783-56-4 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-12-11, Sal L. 43, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, KTH, Stockholm, 15:58 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20151127

Available from: 2015-11-27 Created: 2015-11-25 Last updated: 2015-11-27Bibliographically approved
2. The Business Value of BIM: Elaborating on Content and Perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Business Value of BIM: Elaborating on Content and Perspective
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The expectations on digitalization and Building Information Modeling (BIM) in the Architectural, Engineering and Construction (AEC) are high. The high expectations are reflected in an increasing interest for the term business value of BIM. However, the practical and theoretical understanding of its content and perspective is characterized by rationalism and positivism commercially promoted by industry. This thesis aims to reflect on, problematize and extend the theoretical understanding of the content and perspective of the business value of BIM. Perceptions about business value of BIM, the associated challenges and costs and the role of the business of BIM in a wider socio-technical context are examined among Swedish and international AEC industry actors and a large Swedish public infrastructure client. To extend the understanding of the content and perspective of the business value of BIM, the rational and process-oriented theories on the business value of IT are combined with the more interpretive and hermeneutic socio-technical systems theory. A social and cognitive dimension is thus added to the understanding of the business value of BIM and business value of IT.  By combining the two research fields and contributing with the socio-technical perspective to the theoretical understanding of business value, this thesis contributes with theory development of the understanding of business value BIM and business value of IT.  For practitioners, the thesis shows the complex, multi-dimensional and challenging aspects of implementing BIM for business value. The journey of perspectives in this thesis from positivism towards increased interpretivism also sheds light on the implications of when different perspectives exert influence on a research field (hegemony) and wishes to provide a contrast and balance to the rational and positivistic perspectives in BIM research. It also wishes to inspire future BIM research to broaden the theoretical perspectives.

Abstract [sv]

Förväntningarna på digitalisering och Byggnadsinformationsmodellering (BIM) i samhällsbyggnadssektorn är höga och reflekteras i ett ökande intresse för affärsnyttan av BIM. Den praktiska och teoretiska förståelsen av innehåll och perspektivet i affärsnyttan av BIM har karaktäriserats av rationalism och positivism som upprätthållits i kommersiella syften. Denna avhandling syftar till att reflektera över, problematisera och utöka förståelsen av innehållet och perspektivet av affärsnyttan av BIM. Den upplevda affärsnyttan av BIM, de associerade utmaningarna och kostnaderna och rollen av affärsnyttan av BIM i ett bredare sociotekniskt perspektiv undersöks bland aktörer i den svenska och internationella samhällsbyggnadssektorn samt hos en stor svenskt offentlig beställare av infrastruktur. För att problematisera över och utöka förståelsen av affärsnyttan av BIM kombinerar denna avhandlingen de rationella och process orienterade teorierna inom business value of IT med den mer hermeneutiska socio-technical systems teorin. Genom att kombinera dessa två fält bidrar avhandlingen med ett socialt och kognitivt perspektiv till den teoretiska förståelsen av affärsnytta. Det teoretiska bidraget består således av teoriutveckling. För praktiker belyser avhandlingen de komplexa, multi-dimensionella och utmananande aspekterna med att implementera BIM för affärsnytta. Resan i perspektiv från positivism och rationalism mot ökad interpretivism i avhandlingen belyser också implikationerna av hur olika perspektiv får inflytande över ett forskningsfält (hegemoni) och önskar bidra med en kontrast och balans till det rationella och positivistiska perspektivet i BIM forskning. Det är också förhoppningen att avhandlingens resa i perspektiv kan inspirera framtida forskning på BIM att vidga de teoretiska vyerna.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 62 p.
Series
TRITA-FOB, 2017:6
Keyword
Business value, Building Information Modelling, socio-technical
National Category
Construction Management Business Administration
Research subject
Real Estate and Construction Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-214617 (URN)978-91-85783-81-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-11-17, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration
Note

QC 20170920

Available from: 2017-09-21 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2017-09-21Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
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Output format
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