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Bandwidth limitations and trade-off relations for wide- and multi-band array antennas over a ground plane
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7269-5241
2014 (English)In: Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, ISSN 1559-9450, 419-423 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There has been a recent drive to find fundamental limitations of bandwidth performance. Such results include Rozanovs (2000) bandwidth performance of absorbers, and Gustafssons (2007) limitation for single port antennas, similar bounds on transmission coefficients through a frequency selective screen and high-impedance surfaces are also known. In the present work we show a related bound for array antennas over a ground plane. We illustrate how this bound can be formulated as an array figure of merit, weighting impedance bandwidth, return loss, scan range and material and size information against each other. The derivation of the array figure of merit is based on Bode-Fano theory for a scattering passive object, and is related to the Rozanov bound of absorbers. This result is essentially a sum-rule result that only requires that the array element is scattering passive, time-invariant and linear. The bound is derived for linearly polarized periodic arrays over an infinite planar ground-plane. The array figure of merit can both be used to evaluate existing antennas. It can also be used as a prediction tool and hence as an a-priori assessment of impedance bandwidth limitations for a given antenna element. The array figure of merit contains return-loss, impedance bandwidth, scan range, and element specific information. We show how to use the array figure of merit to investigate trade-off between, e.g., return-loss and bandwidth or bandwidth versus thickness. We note that the array figure of merit easily extend to multi-band antennas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. 419-423 p.
Keyword [en]
Antenna grounds, Bandwidth, Electric impedance, Slot antennas
National Category
Communication Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-168514ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84911097368OAI: diva2:818521
Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, PIERS 2014; Guangzhou; China

QC 20150609

Available from: 2015-06-09 Created: 2015-06-04 Last updated: 2015-06-09Bibliographically approved

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Jonsson, Lars
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