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Computational study of false vocal folds effects on unsteady airflows through static models of the human larynx
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7330-6965
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2015 (English)In: Journal of Biomechanics, ISSN 0021-9290, E-ISSN 1873-2380, Vol. 48, no 7, 1248-1257 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Compressible large eddy simulation is employed to numerically investigate the laryngeal flow. Symmetric static models of the human larynx with a divergent glottis are considered, with the presence of false vocal folds (FVFs). The compressible study agrees well with that of the incompressible study. Due to the high enough Reynolds number, the flow is unsteady and develops asymmetric states downstream of the glottis. The glottal jet curvature decreases with the presence of FVFs or the ventricular folds. The gap between the FVFs stretches the flow structure and reduces the jet curvature. The presence of FVFs has a significant effect on the laryngeal flow resistance. The intra-glottal vortex structures are formed on the divergent wall of the glottis, immediately downstream of the separation point. The vortices are then convected downstream and characterized by a significant negative static pressure. The FVFs are a main factor in the generation of stronger vortices, and thus on the closure of the TVFs. The direct link between the FVFs geometry and the motion of the TVFs, and by extension to the voice production, is of interest for medical applications as well as future research works. The presence of the FVFs also changes the dominant frequencies in the velocity and pressure spectra.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 48, no 7, 1248-1257 p.
Keyword [en]
LES, Larynx, Vocal folds
National Category
Biophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-169352DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.03.010ISI: 000353751200003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84925816250OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-169352DiVA: diva2:820753
Note

QC 20150612

Available from: 2015-06-12 Created: 2015-06-12 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Mihaescu, Mihai

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