Bringing light into the dark triplet space of molecular systems
2015 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 17, no 19, 13129-13136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A molecule or a molecular system always consists of excited states of different spin multiplicities. With conventional optical excitations, only the (bright) states with the same spin multiplicity of the ground state could be directly reached. How to reveal the dynamics of excited (dark) states remains the grand challenge in the topical fields of photochemistry, photophysics, and photobiology. For a singlet-triplet coupled molecular system, the (bright) singlet dynamics can be routinely examined by conventional femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy. However, owing to the involvement of intrinsically fast decay channels such as intramolecular vibrational redistribution and internal conversion, it is very difficult, if not impossible, to single out the (dark) triplet dynamics. Herein, we develop a novel strategy that uses an ultrafast broadband white-light continuum as a excitation light source to enhance the probability of intersystem crossing, thus facilitating the population flow from the singlet space to the triplet space. With a set of femtosecond time-reversed pump-probe experiments, we report on a proof-of-concept molecular system (i.e., the malachite green molecule) that the pure triplet dynamics can be mapped out in real time through monitoring the modulated emission that occurs solely in the triplet space. Significant differences in excited-state dynamics between the singlet and triplet spaces have been observed. This newly developed approach may provide a useful tool for examining the elusive dark-state dynamics of molecular systems and also for exploring the mechanisms underlying molecular luminescence/photonics and solar light harvesting.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 17, no 19, 13129-13136 p.
Emitting-Diodes, Singlet Oxygen, Fluorescence, Spectroscopy, Femtosecond, State, Relaxation, Mechanisms, Emission, Dyes
Chemical Sciences Physical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-169306DOI: 10.1039/c5cp00323gISI: 000354195300079PubMedID: 25916946ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84929179324OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-169306DiVA: diva2:821298
QC 201506152015-06-152015-06-122015-06-15Bibliographically approved