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Fluoride in the environment: sources, distribution and defluoridation
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering. (KTH-International Groundwater Arsenic Research Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4350-9950
2015 (English)In: Environmental Chemistry Letters, ISSN 1610-3653, E-ISSN 1610-3661, Vol. 13, no 2, 131-147 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fluoride is one of the most widespread groundwater pollutant. More than 200 million people, from 25 nations, are suffering from fluorosis. This review presents an overview of fluoride distribution in groundwaters, and defluoridation techniques. Adsorption is the most common technique; however, the efficiency, sorbate disposal and continuous supply of efficient sorbates are still problematic. Membrane processes are quite efficient but not economical for developing communities. This article therefore highlights the importance of further research on efficient and cost-effective defluoridation for the rural developing communities not only to be used for household filtration units but also for use in community water supply schemes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 13, no 2, 131-147 p.
Keyword [en]
Fluorosis, Groundwater, Adsorption, Ion exchange, Coagulation, Co-precipitation
National Category
Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-169248DOI: 10.1007/s10311-015-0496-4ISI: 000354721700001OAI: diva2:822018

QC 20150616

Available from: 2015-06-16 Created: 2015-06-12 Last updated: 2015-06-16Bibliographically approved

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Bhattacharya, Prosun
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