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Litteraturstudie om Cytostatika vid Barncanceravdelningen på Astrid Lindgrens Barnsjukhus
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Literature Study on Chemotherapy  at Childhood Cancer Division at the Astrid Lindgren (English)
Abstract [sv]

I Sverige har 379 barn och ungdomar under 19 år fått en cancerdiagnos under 2012.På de arbetsplatser där personalen inte var tillräcklig informerade observerades enhögre exponering för cytostatika i patienternas urin. Arbetare vid Avdelning förOnkologi är regelbundet exponerad för de toxiska substanserna. På lång sikt innebärdetta en yrkesmässig exponering för låga doser av cytostatika. Sammanfattningsvis ärdet sannolikt att exponeringen sker via huden och inte via luft och man vet ännu inteidag konsekvenserna av cytostatika substanser i avloppsvattnet. Detta till följd av förlite forskning om vilka konsekvenser detta har för miljön. Däremot finns det tydligastadgar och lagar för hantering och riskavfall som kan vara till hjälpmedel för de somhanterar dessa substanser.

Abstract [en]

In Sweden, 379 children and adolescents under the age of 19 was diagnosed withcancer in 2012. In workplaces where staff were not sufficiently informed they couldobserve a higher exposure in patients to cytotoxic drugs in urine. Workers at theDepartment of Oncology are regularly exposed to the toxic substances. In the longterm, it means an occupational exposure to low doses of chemotherapy drugs. Inconclusion, a probable exposure occurs through the skin and not through the air and atthis time we do not know the consequences of chemotherapy drugs in the sewage.This is the result of too little research, and what impact these substances have on theenvironment. However, there are clear statutes and laws for handling and waste thatcan help to reduce exposure for the staff.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [sv]
Cytostatika, barn, urin, vatten, miljö, avlopp, undersköterska
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-154031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-154031DiVA: diva2:826657
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering - Chemical Engineering
Available from: 2015-06-25 Created: 2014-10-10 Last updated: 2015-06-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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