Multivariate analysis and GIS in generating vulnerability map of acid sulfate soils.
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The study employed multi-variate methods to generate vulnerability maps for acid sulfate soils (AS) in the Norrbotten county of Sweden. In this study, the relationships between the reclassified datasets and each biogeochemical element was carefully evaluated with ANOVA Kruskal Wallis and PLS analysis. The sta-tistical results of ANOVA Kruskall-Wallis provided us a useful knowledge of the relationships of the preliminary vulnerability ranks in the classified datasets ver-sus the amount of each biogeochemical element. Then, the statistical knowledge and expert knowledge were used to generate the final vulnerability ranks of AS soils in the classified datasets which were the input independent variables in PLS analyses. The results of Kruskal-Wallis one way ANOVA and PLS analyses showed a strong correlation of the higher levels total Cu2+, Ni2+ and S to the higher vulnerability ranks in the classified datasets. Hence, total Cu2+, Ni2+ and S were chosen as the dependent variables for further PLS analyses. In particular, the Variable Importance in the Projection (VIP) value of each classified dataset was standardized to generate its weight. Vulnerability map of AS soil was a result of a lineal combination of the standardized values in the classified dataset and its weight. Seven weight sets were formed from either uni-variate or multi-variate PLS analyses. Accuracy tests were done by testing the classification of measured pH values of 74 soil profiles with different vulnerability maps and evaluating the areas that were not the AS soil within the groups of medium to high AS soil probability in the land-cover and soil-type datasets. In comparison to the other weight sets, the weight set of multi-variate PLS analysis of the matrix of total Ni2+& S or total Cu2+& S had the robust predictive performance. Sensitivity anal-ysis was done in the weight set of total Ni2+& S, and the results of sensitivity analyses showed that the availability of ditches, and the change in the terrain sur-faces, the altitude level, and the slope had a high influence to the vulnerability map of AS soils. The study showed that using multivariate analysis was a very good approach methodology for predicting the probability of acid sulfate soil.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
, TRITA-LWR Degree Project, ISSN 1651-064X ; 2015:08
acid sulfate soils, ANOVA Kruskal-Wallis, partial least squares, vulnerability
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-170472OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-170472DiVA: diva2:838516
Degree of Master - Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Infrastructure
Olofsson, Bo, professor