Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
Mental map is considered as an individual’s mental representation of his/her spatial
cognition. People learn from the environment and add information to their personal
mental map. It becomes important when we try to understand the relationships
between one’s travel decision processes and their choice sets. The aim of this paper
is to study the relationship between individuals’ activity travel patterns and their
mental map by exploring people’s spatial cognition, their activity space and related
factors. Two-week travel diary and mental maps were collected for the same 57
individuals in Stockholm. Respondents were asked to report their recent trip
information in the travel diary and draw their familiar areas in specified maps. The
specified maps, to some extent, reflect respondents’ mental maps by transferring this
abstract concept from one’s mind to a visual representation. The derived mental maps
were manually drawn and transferred from graph to ASCII code in ArcGIS. The visited
activity locations on where people travelled during the observed period were used to
construct one’s activity space. The key determinants that construct these activity
space and mental map will be investigated. Marginal effect of each key variable will be
calculated to understand the magnitude of influence of each variable into the spatial
distribution of the given individual’s activity space and mental map.
The result shows that individual’s activity space is not necessarily within individual
mental map. Both activity space and mental map are correlated with individual’s
travel pattern factors. Mental map has positive influence to the formation of activity
space. The inference of marginal effect is useful for urban planning, promoting
transport policies and analyzing the effect of transport infrastructure since it can help
to locate the places that constitute individual’s activity space and mental map areas.
2015. , 62 p.
Mental map, activity space, activity travel pattern, Stockholm.