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In the middle of the implementation of the risk assessment tool RAMP: A case study at Scania AB
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
I mitten av riskhanteringsverktyget RAMPs implementering: En fallstudie på Scania AB (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

The RAMP tool was developed at KTH and is used to risk assess Human Factors and Ergonomic (HFE) within manual handling. This master thesis study how the start of the implementation of the RAMP tool at Scania AB went, what difficulties did exist in the implementation and what went well. This was done as a single embedded case study with a closer look at four pilots within different PRoductionUnits (PRUs) at Scania. The Macro Ergonomics, or the Ergonomics infrastructure, of Scania was studied to draw conclusions of what effects of the implementation was due to the RAMP tool specifically and what was due to Scania's organization structure and culture. By separating these two, generalizable conclusions for the RAMP tool could be claimed. The results show that Scania has a well developed Ergonomic infrastructure, with room for improvements. The implementation has strong possibilities to be well implemented. The strength of the RAMP tool is it's clear results of what activities is causing what damage where on the body. The major weakness of the RAMP tool during the implementation was that the tool was not yet finished. The PRUs studied within Logistics struggled with performing RAMP assessments due to their long takts and Scania's chosen assessment method when using RAMP.

Abstract [sv]

RAMP-verktyget har utvecklats på KTH och används för att riskbedöma belastningsergonomin inom manuell hantering. Det här examensarbetet studerar hur inledningen av implementeringen av RAMP-verktyget på Scania AB gick till, vilka svårigheter som fanns under implementeringen och vad som gick bra. Detta gjordes som en inbäddad singel-fallstudie med en närmare titt på fyra pilottester inom olika Produktionsenheter (PRUs) vid Scania. Scanias makroergonomi, eller ergonomiska infrastruktur, studerades för att dra slutsatser om vilka effekter av implementeringen som berodde på RAMP-verktyget specifikt och vad som berodde på Scanias organisationsstruktur och kultur. Genom att separera dessa två, kunde generaliserbara slutsatser för RAMP-verktyget dras. Resultaten visar att Scania har en väl utvecklad ergonomisk infrastruktur, med utrymme för förbättringar. Implementeringen har stor möjlighet att bli väl genomförd. Styrkan i RAMP-verktyget är det tydliga resultatet av vilka aktiviteter som orsakar vilka skador var på kroppen. Den stora svagheten i RAMP-verktyget under implementeringen var att verktyget ännu inte var färdigutvecklat. De PRUerna som studerades inom logistik kämpade med att utföra RAMP-bedömningarna på grund av deras långa takter och Scanias val av bedömningsmetod vid riskbedömning med RAMP-verktyget.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Series
MMK 2015:40 MCE 325
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-170816OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-170816DiVA: diva2:840188
Available from: 2015-10-12 Created: 2015-07-07 Last updated: 2015-10-12Bibliographically approved

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