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Biogas potential for sustainable transport: A Swedish regional case
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4321-6894
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology. USP University of São Paulo, Brazil.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9905-8824
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.).
2015 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 108, no part A, 1105-1114 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, practical biogas potential has been estimated in order to clarify the role of biogas in policy targets for renewable transport fuels in Sweden. The estimate of the Stockholm County biogas potential is based on a survey directed at key persons at sewage water treatment facilities, as well as official statistics, environmental reports and other sources. The results reveal that the practical biogas potential can meet the vehicle gas demand in Stockholm County by 2020, but that it may cover only 50 % of the demand by 2030. The practical potential is estimated to be 604 GWh by 2020 and 689 GWh by 2030. Fossil gas, biogas from neighboring regions, and/or methane from woody biomass would thus be needed to meet the demand by 2030. The survey shows that digestion capacity exists at sewage water treatment facilities and that the availability of resources for biogas generation is low. Public participation is needed to improve food waste segregation and increase resource availability. Food waste can be co-digested with sewage sludge at sewage water treatment facilities. These results can guide the design of renewable transport fuel policies and one conclusion is that policy support should be directed at the supply rather than at the demand side.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 108, no part A, 1105-1114 p.
Keyword [en]
Biogas potential, waste and residues resources, vehicle gas, sustainable transport, policy support
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-170882DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.07.036ISI: 000367762500101Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84955398974OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-170882DiVA: diva2:840802
Note

QC 20160222

Available from: 2015-07-09 Created: 2015-07-09 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Biogas in Swedish transport – a policy-driven systemic transition
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biogas in Swedish transport – a policy-driven systemic transition
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis analyzes the conditions for biogas in the Swedish transport sector. Biogas can contribute to the achievement of Sweden’s ambitious targets of decreased emissions of greenhouse gases and an increased share of renewables in the transport sector, a sector that encompasses the major challenges in the phase-out of fossil fuels.

Biogas development has stagnated during recent years and there are several factors that have contributed to this. The use of biogas in transport has developed in niches strongly affected by policy instruments and in this thesis, the progress is understood as a policy-driven systemic transition. Biogas has (started to) become established at the regime level and has begun to replace fossil fuels. The major obstacles for continued biogas development are found to be the stagnated vehicle gas demand, the low predictability of Swedish policy instruments, and electric car development. Moreover, the current prolonged period of low oil prices has also contributed to a lack of top-down pressure.

A large share of the cheap and easily accessible feedstock for conventional biogas production is already utilized and an increased use of vehicle gas could enable a commercial introduction of forest-derived methane. However, the technologies to produce forest-derived methane are still not commercial, although there are industrial actors with technological know-how.

Future biogas development depends on how the policy framework develops. Policy makers should consider the dynamics of biogas as a young sociotechnical system where different system fronts develop at a varying pace. Currently the demand side is lagging behind. However, it is necessary to maintain predictable policy support throughout the entire biogas value chain, since the system fronts that lag can vary over time. The low predictability of Swedish policy instruments indicates that policy makers should exercise care in their design to create a more robust policy framework moving forward.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 90 p.
Series
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2017:27
Keyword
Transport biofuels, Biogas, Forest-derived methane, Policy, Actors, Multilevel perspective, Barriers and incentives, Biogas production potential
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Research subject
Chemical Engineering; Industrial Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206578 (URN)978-91-7729-389-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-09, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170508

Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-05 Last updated: 2017-05-08Bibliographically approved

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Lönnqvist, TomasSanches Pereira, Alessandro

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