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Diophantine properties of nilpotent Lie groups
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4602-8362
2015 (English)In: Compositio Mathematica, ISSN 0010-437X, E-ISSN 1570-5846, Vol. 151, no 6, 1157-1188 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A finitely generated subgroup F of a real Lie group G is said to be Diophantine if there is beta > 0 such that non-trivial elements in the word ball B-Gamma(n) centered at 1 is an element of F never approach the identity of G closer than broken vertical bar Br(n)broken vertical bar(-beta). A Lie group G is said to be Diophantine if for every k >= 1 a random k-tuple in G generates a Diophantine subgroup. Semi-simple Lie groups are conjectured to be Diophantine but very little is proven in this direction. We give a characterization of Diophantine nilpotent Lie groups in terms of the ideal of laws of their Lie algebra. In particular we show that nilpotent Lie groups of class at most 5, or derived length at most 2, as well as rational nilpotent Lie groups are Diophantine. We also find that there are non-Diophantine nilpotent and solvable (non-nilpotent) Lie groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 151, no 6, 1157-1188 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-170981DOI: 10.1112/S0010437X14007854ISI: 000356395400005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84931571272OAI: diva2:841360

QC 20150713

Available from: 2015-07-13 Created: 2015-07-13 Last updated: 2015-07-13Bibliographically approved

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Rosenzweig, Lior
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