Synergistic application of geometric and radiometric features of LiDAR data for urban land cover mapping
2015 (English)In: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 23, no 11, 13761-13775 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Urban land cover map is essential for urban planning, environmental studies and management. This paper aims to demonstrate the potential of geometric and radiometric features derived from LiDAR waveform and point cloud data in urban land cover mapping with both parametric and non-parametric classification algorithms. Small footprint LiDAR waveform data acquired by RIEGL LMS-Q560 in Zhangye city, China is used in this study. A LiDAR processing chain is applied to perform waveform decomposition, range determination and radiometric characterization. With the synergic utilization of geometric and radiometric features derived from LiDAR data, urban land cover classification is then conducted using the Maximum Likelihood Classification (MLC), Support Vector Machines (SVM) and random forest algorithms. The results suggest that the random forest classifier achieved the most accurate result with overall classification accuracy of 91.82% and the kappa coefficient of 0.88. The overall accuracies of MLC and SVM are 84.02, and 88.48, respectively. The study suggest that the synergic utilization of geometric and radiometric features derived from LiDAR data can be efficiently used for urban land cover mapping, the non-parametric random forest classifier is a promising approach for the various features with different physical meanings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 23, no 11, 13761-13775 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-171157DOI: 10.1364/OE.23.013761ISI: 000356902400039PubMedID: 26072748ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84943143377OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-171157DiVA: diva2:842398
QC 201507202015-07-202015-07-202015-07-20Bibliographically approved