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Parameter study of a muffle furnace performance on powder heating using numerical multiphysics simulation with COMSOL
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The muffle furnace main purpose is to anneal the rough sponge iron powder transported through it, which is done by burning natural gas. Heat is absorbed by the muffle and is transferred to the bed of sponge iron powder. In order to reduce the consumptions of fossil fuel, some companies of the industry aims to exchange the natural gas in their muffle furnace’s burners to syngas, produced from biomass. This will however affect the performance of the furnace in the heating aspect. For this work, it is assumed that the effect will be negative. Thus the aim of this study is to investigate how to compensate the loss of effect from the burners, by examining which other parameters have influence on the furnace heating performance of the sponge iron powder transported through the furnace. The investigation is executed by simulating a 1 meter of the furnace in COMSOL multiphysics for 10 min, not including the combustion chambers. The investigated parameters are the packing degree of the powder, surface emissivity of the muffle, process gas velocity, conveyor belt velocity and the heat transfer rate coefficient to muffle from the combustion chambers. Alas, the process gas velocity and conveyor belt velocity only have minor influence on the final result, according to this simulation. However, the simulation exhibited that the surface emissivity of the muffle and the packing degree of the powder has great impact on the heating of the powder and could compensate some of the lost effect from the burners. This could be obtained by using an unpolished and oxidized muffle surface, and use densely packed powder sample.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
muffle furnace, syngas, biomass, natural gas, parameter study, comsol, powder metallurgy, heat transfer
National Category
Mathematical Analysis Materials Engineering Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-171423OAI: diva2:843970
Subject / course
Materials Science and Engineering
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Engineering
2015-05-18, Kungsträdgårdsgatan 10, Stockholm, 15:00 (English)
Available from: 2015-08-11 Created: 2015-08-01 Last updated: 2015-08-11Bibliographically approved

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Mathematical AnalysisMaterials EngineeringMetallurgy and Metallic Materials

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