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An Even Colder War?: Specialization, Scientification and Gender in the Training Methods of Cross-Country Skiing from the 1950s
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, History of Science, Technology and Environment.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2914-4476
2015 (English)Conference paper, Presentation (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Cold War era was also an era of scientific and rational training methods in sports, especially in cross-country skiing. As competition hardened through the rise of Soviet and DDR skiers, other nations had to adapt. Sweden did so by changing training ideology, from natural to scientific training, in the early 1950s. By teaming up with physiologists, the Swedish Ski Federation wanted access to scientific, rational training to stay competitive. The methods proposed were not only interesting for sports, but also for military purposes. Some of the research was even funded by military organizations. The Cold War contributed in two ways to training – an increased military interest in training, as well as an increased competition in international cross-country skiing that resulted in an accelerated rationalization of training.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Cold War, cross-country skiing, training, physiology, high altitude
National Category
Research subject
History of Science, Technology and Environment
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172307OAI: diva2:846415
Bend it like Europe (1945-1989) –Sports, Politics and the Cold War, Vth Meeting of Young Historians, Barcelona
Rationell träning
Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports

QC 20150818

Available from: 2015-08-17 Created: 2015-08-17 Last updated: 2015-08-18Bibliographically approved

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