Phase transitions in high-temperature superconductors
1998 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Thermal fluctuations and disorder strongly influence the behaviour of hightemperature superconductors. In particular the vortices play a key role in determining their properties. In this thesis the main focus lies on phase transitions, both in ultra-thin films and in three-dimensional systems, which are driven by vortex fluctuations. The last paper concerns the influence of antiferromagnetism on superconductivity in a simple model. A brief review of these topics is given in the introductory part.
The main results are:
The phase transition in ultra-thin superconducting/superfluid films is studied within the two-dimensional Coulomb gas model, which is known to have a Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition at low vortex densities. We construct the phase diagram from grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations on a continuum, without any restrictions on the vortex density.
The dynamical universality classes for vortices in superconductors in zero magnetic field are studied by means of Monte Carlo simulations, with particular attention to the role of screening of the vortex interaction.
We construct a formula for the k = 0 helicity modulus directly in terms of the vortex line fluctuations, which can serve as a useful way to detect superconducting coherence in model calculations. A method for simulating vortex lines on a continuum is developed, and used to study the melting of the Abrikosov vortex lattice.
We study the critical dynamics for vortices in the presence of columnar defects. The linear resistivity and current-voltage characteristics are calculated in Monte Carlo simulations, and the critical behaviour extracted using finite size scaling. We reconsider the scaling properties as the magnetic field is tilted away from the direction of the columns.
The influence of antiferromagnetic correlations on the superconducting properties is studied in a simplified lattice fermion model for superconductivity in the presence of an antiferromagnetic background. We find that the superconducting critical temperature is enhanced by antiferromagnetic order, and that a gap with dx2-y2-wave symmetry is the most stable.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH , 1998. , viii, 49 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 8028
Superconductivity, Vortices, Phase transitions, Strongly correlated fermions, High-temperature superconductivity, Monte Carlo simulations.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-2755ISBN: 91-7170-353-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-2755DiVA: diva2:8466
1999-01-11, 00:00 (English)
QC 201005122000-01-012000-01-012010-05-12Bibliographically approved