Electric to Mechanical Energy Conversion of Linear Ultrafast Electromechanical Actuators Based on Stroke Requirements
2015 (English)In: IEEE transactions on industry applications, ISSN 0093-9994, E-ISSN 1939-9367, Vol. 51, no 4, 3059-3067 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The operational efficiency of ultrafast actuators used as drives in high-voltage direct-current breakers is at best 5%. To boost their efficiency, the design of the energizing circuit is crucial. A multiphysics finite-element method model coupled with a SPICE circuit model that is able to predict the performance of the actuator with an accuracy of at least 95% has been developed and verified experimentally. Several variants of prototypes and models have been simulated, built, and tested. It was shown that one of the main problems leading to low efficiencies is the stroke of the drive. However, there is a possibility to increase the efficiency of the electric to mechanical energy conversion process of the studied Thomson coil (TC) and double-sided coil (DSC) to a maximum of 54% and 88%, respectively, if their stroke is minimized. These efficiencies are idealistic, and these were obtained with clamped armature studies. The efficiency of the actuator can be increased at the expense of increasing the complexity and the cost of the contact system by designing a switch with several series-connected contacts that is encapsulated in a medium with a high dielectric strength. Another proposed solution is to design a current pulse with a rise time that is considerably shorter than the mechanical response time of the system. Parametric variations of capacitances and charging voltages show that the TC and the DSC can achieve efficiencies up to 15% and 23%, respectively. Regardless of the chosen method, the DSC has a superior efficiency compared to a TC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 51, no 4, 3059-3067 p.
Capacitance, contacts, eddy currents, electric fields, finite-element methods (FEMs), high-voltage direct-current (HVDC) circuit breakers, magnetic fields, thermal factors
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172176DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2015.2411733ISI: 000358255700037ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84937960173OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-172176DiVA: diva2:846620
QC 201508172015-08-172015-08-142015-08-17Bibliographically approved