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Wurtzite silicon as a potential absorber in photovoltaics: Tailoring the optical absorption by applying strain
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2015 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 92, no 4, 045207Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present ab initio calculations of the electronic structure and the optical properties of wurtzite Si (Si-IV). We find an indirect band gap of 0.95 eV (Gamma(5) -> M-1) and an optically forbidden direct gap of 1.63 eV (Gamma(5) -> Gamma(10)), which is due to a backfolding of the L-1 state of Si in the diamond structure (Si-I). Optical absorption spectra including excitonic and local-field effects are calculated. Further, the effects of hydrostatic pressure, uniaxial strain, and biaxial strain on the absorption properties are investigated. Biaxial tensile strains enhance the optical absorption of Si-IV in the spectral range which is relevant for photovoltaic applications. High biaxial tensile strains (>4%) even transform Si-IV into a direct semiconductor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 92, no 4, 045207
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172164DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.045207ISI: 000358253200005OAI: diva2:846949

QC 20150818

Available from: 2015-08-18 Created: 2015-08-14 Last updated: 2015-08-18Bibliographically approved

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Olsson, Pär
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Reactor Physics
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