Solubility of hydrogen in slags and its impact on ladle refining
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In the present thesis a study of the mechanisms of hydrogen control pickup during ladle treatment was undertaken. Previous studies showed that the presence of hydroxyl ions in the ladle slag resulteds in hydrogen transfer from the slag back into the steel bath. The main focus of the present work was therefore to gain deeper knowledge of the ladle slag, its properties and impact on hydrogen concentration in the liquid steel. For this purpose a number of slag compositions were examined in order to clarify whether these slags were single liquids at 1858 K. 14 out of 27 compositions in the Al2O3-CaO-MgO-SiO2 system werewas completely melted, while the rest had solid shape present . These results were in disagreement with the existing phase diagram.
Water solubility measurements were carried out by employing a thermo gravimetric technique. The temperature was found to have negligible effect in the water solubilities. The experimental results showed that the water capacity values varied between 1·103 and 2·103 in the majority of the composition range. However, for compositions close to CaO saturation the water capacity value could reach higher than 3·103. The experimental determined water capacity was further used to develop a water capacity model for the quaternary slag system Al2O3-CaO-MgO-SiO2. The model was constructed by considering the effects of the binary interactions between the cations in the slag on the capacity of capturing hydroxyl ions. The model calculations agreed reasonably well with the experimental results as well as with the literature data.
The water capacity model was used in the last part of the present thesis in order to determine the major source for hydrogen pick-up of the steel after vacuum degassing but before casting. For this purpose, samples of slag and metal were taken at different stages ofduring ladle treatment at SSAB. Hydrogen increase after vacuum treatment was observed. Moisture contents of the industrial slag were analysed and the water capacities of the slags were calculated. It could be seen that the hydrogen increase was correlated to the amount of moisture in the slag and the water capacity. The study showed that the slag containing most water was also the heat having the largest hydrogen increase. The slag with most water had the highest water capacity. It could be concluded that the major source for hydrogen coming back into the steel was due to the slag-metal reaction.
A tentative process model to predict the final contents of hydrogen and nitrogen after tundish process was attempted. More work is needed to improve the model.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. , viii, 44 p.
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172462ISBN: 978-91-7595-594-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-172462DiVA: diva2:848439
2015-09-04, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Louhenkilpi, Seppo, Professor
Du, Sichen, Professor
QC 201508252015-08-252015-08-252015-08-25Bibliographically approved
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