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Temporal and spatial patterns of suicides in Stockholm's subway stations
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin. (Housing and Safety Research Group)
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Banking and Finance, Cefin. (Housing and Safety Research Group)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5302-1698
2015 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 81, 96-106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the potential temporal and spatial variations of suicides in subway stations in Stockholm, Sweden. The study also assesses whether the variation in suicide rates is related to the station environments by controlling for each station's location and a number of contextual factors using regression models and geographical information systems (GIS). Data on accidents are used as references for the analysis of suicides. Findings show that suicides tend to occur during the day and in the spring. They are concentrated in the main transportation hubs but, interestingly, during off-peak hours. However, the highest rates of suicides per passenger are found in Stockholm's subway stations located in the Southern outskirts. More than half of the variation in suicide rates is associated with stations that have walls between the two sides of the platform but still allow some visibility from passers-by. The surrounding environment and socioeconomic context show little effect on suicide rates, but stations embedded in areas with high drug-related crime rates tend to show higher suicide rates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 81, 96-106 p.
Keyword [en]
Metro, Underground, Lethal accidents, Public transport systems, GIS, Sweden
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172482DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.03.043ISI: 000357548800010PubMedID: 25958035Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84928884777OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-172482DiVA: diva2:848845
Note

QC 20150826

Available from: 2015-08-26 Created: 2015-08-25 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved

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