Oxygen content in semi-closed rebreathing apparatuses for underwater use: Measurements and modeling
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The present series of unmanned hyperbaric tests were conducted in order to investigate the oxygen fraction variability in semi-closed underwater rebreathing apparatuses. The tested rebreathers were RB80 (Halcyon dive systems, High springs, FL, USA), IS-Mix (Interspiro AB, Stockholm, Sweden), CRABE (Aqua Lung, Carros Cedex, France), and Viper+ (Cobham plc, Davenport, IA, USA). The tests were conducted using a catalytically based propene combusting metabolic simulator. The metabolic simulator connected to a breathing simulator, both placed inside a hyperbaric pressure chamber, was first tested to demonstrate its usefulness to simulate human respiration in a hyperbaric situation. Following this the metabolic simulator was shown to be a useful tool in accident investigations as well as to assess the impact of different engineering designs and physiological variables on the oxygen content in the gas delivered to the diver by the rebreathing apparatuses. A multi-compartment model of the oxygen fractions was developed and compared to the previously published single-compartment models. The root mean squared error (RMSE) of the multi-compartment model was smaller than the RMSE for the single-compartment model, showing its usefulness to estimate the impact of different designs and physiological variables on the inspired oxygen fraction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. , x, 48 p.
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2015:6
Diving, rebreather, underwater breathing apparatus, unmanned testing, hyperbaric, metabolic simulator, scuba, semi-closed
Other Medical Engineering
Research subject Medical Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172949ISBN: 978-917595-616-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-172949DiVA: diva2:850861
2015-09-25, D2, Lindstedtsvägen 5, KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Clarke, John, Doctor
Eiken, Ola, ProfessorGennser, Mikael, DoctorBrodin, Lars-Åke, Professor
QC 201509032015-09-032015-09-022015-09-03Bibliographically approved
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