Heat treatment of ZnO nanoparticles: new methods to achieve high-purity nanoparticles for high-voltage applications
2015 (English)In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 3, no 33, 17190-17200 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Novel methods based on orienting and coating of ZnO nanoparticles were studied in order to obtain uniform, nano-sized and ultra-pure ZnO grains/particles after heat treatment. A 1 nm zinc-hydroxy-salt complex layer on the nanoparticle surfaces was revealed by thermogravimetry and infrared spectroscopy. This 'phase' gradually decomposed into ZnO during the heat treatment while sintering occurred above 600 degrees C, as revealed by scanning-and transmission-electron microscopy. The c-axis alignment of the nanoparticles provided smaller pores than those associated with non-oriented nanoparticles, presenting the means to obtain high-density ceramics. The orientation resulted in a smaller grain size after heat treatment than that of the nonaligned nanoparticles. Another method that involved three steps - silane coating, heat treatment and silica layer etching - was used to remove the ionic species from the nanoparticle surface while preserving its hydroxylated surface. These ultra-pure nanoparticles are expected to be key components in the development of HVDC insulation polyethylene nanocomposites.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 3, no 33, 17190-17200 p.
Energy Engineering Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173293DOI: 10.1039/c5ta03120fISI: 000359459900033ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84939196366OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-173293DiVA: diva2:852561
QC 201509092015-09-092015-09-092016-08-25Bibliographically approved