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Exploiting Mycosporines as Natural Molecular Sunscreens for the Fabrication of UV-Absorbing Green Materials
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience. University of the Basque Country, Spain.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1295-5010
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2015 (English)In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 7, no 30, 16558-16564 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ultraviolet radiations have many detrimental effects in living organisms that challenge the stability and function of cellular structures. UV exposure also alters the properties and durability of materials and affects their lifetime. It is becoming increasingly important to develop new biocompatible and environmentally friendly materials to address these issues. Inspired by the strategy developed by fish, algae, and microorganisms exposed to UV radiations in confined ecosystems, we have constructed novel UV-protective materials that exclusively consist of natural compounds. Chitosan was chosen as the matrix for grafting mycosporines and mycosporine-like amino acids as the functional components of the active materials. Here, we show that these materials are biocompatible, photoresistant, and thermoresistant, and exhibit a highly efficient absorption of both UV-A and UV-B radiations. Thus, they have the potential to provide an efficient protection against both types of UV radiations and overcome several shortfalls of the current UV-protective products. In practice, the same concept can be applied to other biopolymers than chitosan and used to produce multifunctional materials. Therefore, it has a great potential to be exploited in a broad range of applications in living organisms and nonliving systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 7, no 30, 16558-16564 p.
Keyword [en]
mycosporine, natural sunscreen, chitosan, ultraviolet-absorbing material, biocompatibility
National Category
Materials Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173270DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b04064ISI: 000359279800051PubMedID: 26168193ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84938633730OAI: diva2:852617

QC 20150909

Available from: 2015-09-09 Created: 2015-09-09 Last updated: 2015-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Fernandes, Susana C. M.Bulone, Vincent
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