Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE credits
The aim of this work was to manufacture and test non noble metal catalysts for CO oxidation and soot combustion. The feeding gases consist in the products of the combustion diesel in a Reformtech heater. These gases contain CO, CO2, H2O as well as small amounts of NOx and hydrocarbons.
Two different catalysts were prepared for CO oxidation, based on cobalt oxide supported on ceria. 12Co/CeO2 with 12% weight of cobalt and 15CoOx/CeO2 with 15%. The first one was prepared by impregnation of cobalt nitrates in cerium oxide support; the second one was prepared by co-precipitation of cobalt and cerium nitrates.
Another catalyst called 12Co4.5K/CeO2, with 12% cobalt and 4.5% potassium, was made for the simultaneous combustion of soot and oxidation of CO. The base also consisted in cobalt oxide supported on ceria, but with the addition of potassium which could stabilize the cobalt oxide particles.
Both co-precipitation and impregnation methods gave the desired catalyst structure in the CO oxidation catalysts and both catalysts (12Co/CeO2 and 15CoOx/CeO2) showed activity. Nevertheless, the activity was lower than desired due to low surface area and mass transfer limitations. The catalysts also deactivated in less than three hours on stream, probably due to poisoning.
The co-precipitation method for the 12Co4.5K/CeO2 catalyst gave the desired cobalt and cerium oxides, but no conclusion can be drawn regarding potassium since it was not shown in the XRD tests.
The catalyst for both CO oxidation and soot combustion (12Co4.5K/CeO2) showed no activity for any of the reactions. Nevertheless, the tests performed to test the soot combustion ability were not conclusive and should be improved in future studies.
2015. , 95 p.
CO oxidation, cobalt oxide, ceria, soot combustion, diesel.