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Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Dynamic Nitroaldol Systems in Neutral Aqueous Media
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1121-4007
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173489OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-173489DiVA: diva2:853168
Note

QS 2015

Available from: 2015-09-11 Created: 2015-09-11 Last updated: 2015-09-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Dynamic Systems: Enzymatic Synthesis, Exchange Reactions and Applications in Materials Science
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dynamic Systems: Enzymatic Synthesis, Exchange Reactions and Applications in Materials Science
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is divided into three parts, revolving around the developments of dynamic systems utilized in dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) and constitutional dynamic chemistry (CDC).

The first section gives an introduction to constitutional dynamics, the core concept of this thesis. Constitutional dynamics can be tuned through reversible interactions. Then, the basic principles of constitutional dynamics in DKR and CDC are discussed, along with their applications.

The second section explores the asymmetric synthesis of oxazolidinone derivatives using lipase catalysis through kinetic resolution (KR) and dynamic kinetic resolution. In the first example, synthetic protocol to enantioenriched 5-phenyloxazolidin-2-ones is described, where a kinetically controlled carbamation is followed by lipase-catalyzed cyclization. In contrast to the 5-substituted species, the synthesis of 3-phenyloxazolidin-2-one derivatives could be achieved through lipase-catalyzed cascade O- and N- alkoxycarbonylations in one pot. Furthermore, this KR system could be coupled to a ruthenium-catalyzed racemization process of 1,2-aminoalcohols, thus providing an efficient DKR methodology for asymmetric transformations.

The third section focuses on dynamic systems built through reversible covalent reactions. In the first example, a selective gelation process is described, and employed to resolve dynamic imine systems consisting of gelator candidates.  In the second example, reversible reactions with aldehyde enamines are presented, including enamine formation and exchange reactions. In particular, Bi(III) and Sc(III) were discovered to accelerate the enamine exchange reactions by 50-400 times, in which the equilibria could be reached within hours. The last example describes reversible nitroaldol reactions in aqueous media, where rapid and efficient equilibration was identified for selected structures in neutral phosphate buffer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. 66 p.
Series
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2015:36
Keyword
constitutional dynamic chemistry, reversible reactions, kinetic resolution, dynamic kinetic resolution, enzyme catalysis, lipase, asymmetric synthesis, racemization, oxazolidinone, organogel, enamine, nitroaldol reaction.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173480 (URN)978-91-7595-644-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-10-01, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20150911

Available from: 2015-09-11 Created: 2015-09-11 Last updated: 2015-09-11Bibliographically approved

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