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Detection and Segmentation of Brain Metastases with Deep Convolutional Networks
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Computer Vision and Active Perception, CVAP.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

As deep convolutional networks (ConvNets) reach spectacular results on a multitude of computer vision tasks and perform almost as well as a human rater on the task of segmenting gliomas in the brain, I investigated the applicability for detecting and segmenting brain metastases. I trained networks with increasing depth to improve the detection rate and introduced a border-pair-scheme to reduce oversegmentation. A constraint on the time for segmenting a complete brain scan required the utilization of fully convolutional networks which reduced the time from 90 minutes to 40 seconds. Despite some present noise and label errors in the 490 full brain MRI scans, the final network achieves a true positive rate of 82.8% and 0.05 misclassifications per slice where all lesions greater than 3 mm have a perfect detection score. This work indicates that ConvNets are a suitable approach to both detect and segment metastases, especially as further architectural extensions might improve the predictive performance even more.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
deep learning, cnn, convnets, convolutional neural networks, metastases, computer vision, brain tumor, medical imaging, mri
National Category
Computer Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173519OAI: diva2:853460
Educational program
Master of Science - Machine Learning
Available from: 2015-09-17 Created: 2015-09-14 Last updated: 2015-09-17Bibliographically approved

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