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Global calculations of microscopic energies and nuclear deformations: Isospin dependence of the spin-orbit coupling
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1406-5695
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Physics, Nuclear Physics.
2015 (English)In: Physical Review C. Nuclear Physics, ISSN 0556-2813, E-ISSN 1089-490X, Vol. 92, no 2, 024306Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The deviation between different model calculations that may occur when one goes toward regions where the masses are unknown is getting increased attention. This is related to the uncertainties of the different models which may have not been fully understood. Purpose: To explore in detail the effect of the isospin dependence of the spin-orbital force in the Woods-Saxon potential on global binding energy and deformation calculations. Method: The microscopic energies and nuclear deformations of about 1850 even-even nuclei are calculated systematically within the macroscopic-microscopic framework using three Woods-Saxon parametrizations, with different isospin dependencies, which were constructed mainly for nuclear spectroscopy calculations. Calculations are performed in the deformation space (beta(2), gamma, beta(4)). Both the monopole and doubly stretched quadrupole interactions are considered for the pairing channel. Results: The ground-state deformations obtained by the three calculations are quite similar to each other. Large differences are seen mainly in neutron-rich nuclei and in superheavy nuclei. Systematic calculations on the shape-coexisting second minima are also presented. As for the microscopic energies of the ground states, the results are also very close to each other. Only in a few cases the difference is larger than 2 MeV. The total binding energy is estimated by adding the macroscopic energy provided by the usual liquid drop model with its parameters fitted through the least square root and minimax criteria. Calculations are also compared with the results of other macroscopic-microscopic mass models. Conclusions: All the three calculations give similar values for the deformations, microscopic energies, and binding energies of most nuclei. One may expect to have a better understanding of the isospin dependence of the spin-orbital force with more data on proton- and neutron-rich nuclei.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 92, no 2, 024306
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173145DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.92.024306ISI: 000358933700002ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84939615754OAI: diva2:854905
Swedish Research Council, 621-2012-3805Swedish Research Council, 621-2013-4323

QC 20150918

Available from: 2015-09-18 Created: 2015-09-07 Last updated: 2015-09-18Bibliographically approved

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