The influence of carbonitriding on hardness, retained austenite and residual stress in 52100 steel
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
High rolling contact fatigue parts are vital for the long service life of fuel pumps. Cummins Fuel Systems are currently using an M2 tool steel for one of the most important roller bearing application in their pumps, namely the cam follower. The future design of the cam follower is a pin-less tappet roller. The wear and fatigue properties of the roller is vital to ensure reliability of the fuel system. M2 tool steel is an expensive material and becomes even more so if diamond like coating (DLC) is needed to decrease the friction coefficients. To cut costs of the fuel pump it might be possible to replace the M2 tool steel with 52100 steel (100Cr6). Competitive methods have proven that carbonitrided 52100 can reach excellent wear and fatigue properties making it a candidate to replace M2 tool steel. How the properties of hardness, toughness and compressive residual stresses are developed in 52100 and how they affect the fatigue and wear resistance has been researched from the literature.
A big part of this project was to do an extensive analysis of a roller bearing that was believed to have gone through one of these competitive methods that produce excellent wear and fatigue resistance. The analysis was done with background to the knowledge gathered from the literature. Finally process trials were set up to carbonitride 52100 steel samples. The trials were done to develop a better understanding of how adding carbon together with nitrogen to the surface of 52100 steel will influence the metallurgical parameters that results in good wear and fatigue resistance. From this analysis Cummins hope to create a process recipe that can be used for carbonitriding the cam follower and maybe other components in their fuel systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 78 p.
Cam follower, roller bearing, rolling contact fatigue, 52100 steel, hardness, toughness, residual stresses, case hardening, heat treatment, carburizing, carbonitriding, low pressure carburizing
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173804OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-173804DiVA: diva2:854935
Subject / course
Materials Science and Engineering
Master of Science in Engineering - Materials Design and Engineering
Odqvist, Joakim, Associate Professor
Ågren, John, Professor