A multiscale modeling protocol was sketched for the trihexyltetradecylphosphonium chloride ([P-6,P-6,P-6,P-14]Cl) ionic liquid (IL). The optimized molecular geometries of an isolated [P-6,P-6,P-6,P-14] cation and a tightly bound [P-6,P-6,P-6,P-14]Cl ion pair structure were obtained from quantum chemistry ab initio calculations. A cost-effective united-atom model was proposed for the [P-6,P-6,P-6,P-14] cation based on the corresponding atomistic model. Atomistic and coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations were performed over a wide temperature range to validate the proposed united-atom [P-6,P-6,P-6,P-14] model against the available experimental data. Through a systemic analysis of volumetric quantities, microscopic structures, and transport properties of the bulk [P-6,P-6,P-6,P-14]Cl IL under varied thermodynamic conditions, it was identified that the proposed united-atom [P-6,P-6,P-6,P-14] cationic model could essentially capture the local intermolecular structures and the nonlocal experimental thermodynamics, including liquid density, volume expansivity and isothermal compressibility, and transport properties, such as zero-shear viscosity, of the bulk [P-6,P-6,P-6,P-14]Cl IL within a wide temperature range.
2015. Vol. 17, no 34, 22125-22135 p.
MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATION; ATOM FORCE-FIELD; PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES; 1-ALKYL-3-METHYLIMIDAZOLIUM CHLORIDE; ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES; THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES; TRANSFERABLE POTENTIALS; ATOMISTIC INSIGHT; CHEMICAL-INDUSTRY; PHASE-EQUILIBRIA