Fabrication of long-period fiber gratings through periodic ablation using a focused CO2-laser beam
2015 (English)In: Optical Materials Express, ISSN 2159-3930, E-ISSN 2159-3930, Vol. 5, no 11, 2702-2714 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Fabrication of long period gratings in optical fibers through periodic ablation using a focused CO2 laser beam has been studied. During the thermal ablation process most of the energy is absorbed at the glass surface, due to the high extinction coefficient of silica at the laser wavelength, resulting in rapid increase in temperature. Subsequent heat dissipation occurs through vaporization and ejection of molten material, heat conduction axially along the fiber, radiation and through convection. The high surface temperatures involved during ablation can result in a significant increase in temperature of the fiber itself, causing unwanted off-resonance background losses during grating fabrication. In order to minimize losses the temperature needs to be sufficiently low to avoid micro-bending and core deformation, triggered by the decrease in viscosity, while at the same time enabling strong grating formation through laser induced modification of the glass. In this work we have used short-period fiber Bragg gratings in order to assess the temperature dynamics within the fiber during ablation. Using a single grating written into the core, positioned below the point of ablation, we measure the peak temperature within the core of the fiber. When ablation was performed between two gratings, forming a short Fabry-Perot cavity, a different and faster response was recorded, which we ascribe to thermally induced stress and strain caused by the thermal expansion of the surface during ablation. By identifying suitable processing parameters we successfully fabricate strong long-period gratings with background losses of 0.5 dB to 1 dB when periodically ablating the fiber with up to 50 pulses. Experimental results indicate that the maximum core temperatures during ablation under these conditions are limited to within 600 degrees C to 1000 degrees C.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Optical Society of America, 2015. Vol. 5, no 11, 2702-2714 p.
Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-173940DOI: 10.1364/OME.5.002702ISI: 000364467700035ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84947746116OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-173940DiVA: diva2:856369
QC 201601222015-09-242015-09-242016-01-22Bibliographically approved