Detecting Changes During the Manipulation of an Object Jointly Held by Humans and RobotsDetektera skillnader under manipulationen av ett objekt som gemensamt hålls av människor och robotar
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
In the last decades research and development in the field of robotics has grown rapidly. This growth has resulted in the emergence of service robots that need to be able to physically interact with humans for different applications. One of these applications involves robots and humans cooperating in handling an object together. In such cases, there is usually an initial arrangement of how the robot and the humans hold the object and the arrangement stays the same throughout the manipulation task. Real-world scenarios often require that the initial arrangement changes throughout the task, therefore, it is important that the robot is able to recognize these changes and act accordingly. We consider a setting where a robot holds a large flat object with one or two humans. The aim of this research project is to detect the change in the number of agents grasping the object using only force and torque information measured at the robot's wrist. The proposed solution involves defining a transition sequence of four steps that the humans should perform to go from the initial scenario to the final one. The force and torque information is used to estimate the grasping point of the agents with a Kalman filter. While the humans are going from one scenario to the other, the estimated point changes according to the step of the transition the humans are in. These changes are used to track the steps in the sequence using a hidden Markov model (HMM). Tracking the steps in the sequence means knowing how many agents are grasping the object. To evaluate the method, humans that were not involved in the training of the HMM were asked to perform two tasks: a) perform the previously defined sequence as is, and b) perform a deviation of the sequence. The results of the method show that it is possible to detect the change between one human and two humans holding the object using only force and torque information.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
physical human robot interaction, hidden markov model, kalman filter, manipulation, robot
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-174027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-174027DiVA: diva2:856801
Karayiannidis, YiannisSmith, Christian