Evaluating low-carbon city initiatives from the DPSIR framework perspective
2015 (English)In: Habitat International, ISSN 0197-3975, Vol. 50, 289-299 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Current low-carbon city initiatives were evaluated using the DPSIR (Drivingforces-Pressures-State-Impacts-Responses) causal-effect framework for investigating interactions between environmental issues and human activities. For effective management towards achieving a low-carbon city, integrating the pressure-based, driver-oriented DPSIR approach could help decision makers examine whether greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction approaches deal with the root causes of GHG emissions and work to-wards low-carbon city development goals. The DPSIR framework was used on 36 global cities to analyse the socio-economic dynamics of GHG emissions and their pressures on the environment, the state of the environment, related climate change impacts and responses from society. The results indicated that numerous cities have awareness of low-car bon plans and that most of these plans are pressure-based and driver-oriented. Most city plans recognise energy, transportation and building as the main driving forces for GHG emissions, which cause environmental pressures, and highlight technical responses to reduce GHG emissions pressures from these root causes. Inaddition, most plans recognise institutional and cognitional responses to low-carbon city development, such as: policies and legislation; departmental planning and cooperation; measuring, monitoring and reporting performance; capital invest-ment; community education and outreach; and stakeholder involvement.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 50, 289-299 p.
Low-carboncity, DPSIR framework, Content analysis
Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject Planning and Decision Analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-174072DOI: 10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.09.001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84941634546OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-174072DiVA: diva2:857541
QC 201509292015-09-292015-09-292016-05-10Bibliographically approved